Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.  2016 Mar;20(2):161-168. 10.4196/kjpp.2016.20.2.161.

CRM1 inhibitor S109 suppresses cell proliferation and induces cell cycle arrest in renal cancer cells

  • 1Insititute of Nervous System Diseases, Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou 221002, Jiangsu, China.
  • 2Blood Disease Institute, Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou 221002, Jiangsu, China. msniu24@hotmail.com
  • 3Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou 221002, Jiangsu, China.
  • 4Brain Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou 221002, Jiangsu, China.
  • 5Dalian Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Dalian 116002, Liaoning, China.


Abnormal localization of tumor suppressor proteins is a common feature of renal cancer. Nuclear export of these tumor suppressor proteins is mediated by chromosome region maintenance-1 (CRM1). Here, we investigated the antitumor eff ects of a novel reversible inhibitor of CRM1 on renal cancer cells. We found that S109 inhibits the CRM1-mediated nuclear export of RanBP1 and reduces protein levels of CRM1. Furthermore, the inhibitory eff ect of S109 on CRM1 is reversible. Our data demonstrated that S109 signifi cantly inhibits proliferation and colony formation of renal cancer cells. Cell cycle assay showed that S109 induced G1-phase arrest, followed by the reduction of Cyclin D1 and increased expression of p53 and p21. We also found that S109 induces nuclear accumulation of tumor suppressor proteins, Foxo1 and p27. Most importantly, mutation of CRM1 at Cys528 position abolished the eff ects of S109. Taken together, our results indicate that CRM1 is a therapeutic target in renal cancer and the novel reversible CRM1 inhibitor S109 can act as a promising candidate for renal cancer therapy.


Cell cycle; CRM1; Nuclear export; Renal cancer; S109

MeSH Terms

Active Transport, Cell Nucleus
Cell Cycle Checkpoints*
Cell Cycle*
Cell Proliferation*
Cyclin D1
Kidney Neoplasms*
Tumor Suppressor Proteins
Cyclin D1
Tumor Suppressor Proteins
Full Text Links
  • KJPP
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr