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Role of IFNLR1 gene in PRRSV infection of PAM cells

Qin M, Chen W, Li Z, Wang L, Ma L, Geng J, Zhang Y, Zhao J, Zeng Y

Background: Interferon lambda receptor 1 (IFNLR1) is a type II cytokine receptor that clings to interleukins IL-28A, IL29B, and IL-29 referred to as type III IFNs (IFN-λs). IFN-λs act through...
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Inhibition of MUC1-C Increases ROS and Cell Death in Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells

Park JA, Park S, Choi JK, Han MK, Lee Y

Background and Objectives: Embryonic stem (ES) cells have the capacity to self-renew and generate all types of cells. MUC1-C, a cytoplasmic subunit of MUC1, is overexpressed in various carcinomas and mediates...
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Biomarker-Guided Risk Assessment for Acute Kidney Injury: Time for Clinical Implementation?

Albert C, Haase M, Albert A, Zapf A, Braun-Dullaeus RC, Haase-Fielitz A

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious complication in hospitalized patients, which continues to pose a clinical challenge for treating physicians. The most recent Kidney Disease Improving Global...
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Overexpression of p21 Has Inhibitory Effect on Human Hematopoiesis by Blocking Generation of CD43+ Cells via Cell-Cycle Regulation

Zeng J, Zhang H, Liu Y, Sun W, Yi D, Zhu L, Zhang Y, Pan X, Chen Y, Zhou Y, Bian G, Lai M, Zhou Q, Liu J, Chen B, Ma F

Background and Objectives: p21, an important member of the Cip/Kip family, is involved in inhibitory effects of RUNX1b overexpression during the early stage of human hematopoiesis. Methods and Results: We established...
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Peanut Sprout Extracts Cultivated with Fermented Sawdust Medium Inhibits Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia In Vitro and In Vivo

Song JH, Hwang B, Chung HJ, Moon B, Kim JW, Ko K, Kim BW, Kim WR, Kim WJ, Myung SC, Moon SK

Purpose: In this study, we tested whether the resveratrol-enriched peanut sprout extracts cultivated with fermented sawdust medium (PSEFS) could suppress benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in vitro and in vivo. Materials and...
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The Antiproliferation Activity of Ganoderma formosanum Extracts on Prostate Cancer Cells

Chiang CY, Hsu KD, Lin YY, Hsieh CW, Liu JM, Lu TY, Cheng KC

Androgen-independent prostate cancer accounts for mortality in the world. In this study, various extracts of a medical fungus dubbed Ganoderma formosanum were screened for inhibition of DU145 cells, an androgen-independent...
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NUP210 and MicroRNA-22 Modulate Fasto Elicit HeLa Cell Cycle Arrest

Gu Q, Hou W, Liu H, Shi L, Zhu Z, Ye W, Ni X

Purpose: Cervical cancer is one of the most fatal diseases among women in under-developed countries. To improve cervical cancer treatment, discovery of new targets is needed. In this study, we investigated...
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Anticancer effects of D-pinitol in human oral squamous carcinoma cells

Shin HC, Bang TH, Kang HM, Park BS, Kim IR

D-pinitol is an analog of 3-methoxy-D-chiro-inositol found in beans and plants. D-pinitol has anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, and anticancer effects. Additionally, D-pinitol induces apoptosis and inhibits metastasis in breast and prostate cancers....
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Imatinib and GNF-5 Exhibit an Inhibitory Effect on Growth of Hepatocellar Carcinoma Cells by Downregulating S-phase Kinase-associated Protein 2

Zhang H, Yi J, Yoon D, Ryoo Z, Lee I, Kim M

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver cancer and is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Imatinib and GNF-5 are breakpoint cluster region-Abelson murine leukemia...
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Novel SIRT Inhibitor, MHY2256, Induces Cell Cycle Arrest, Apoptosis, and Autophagic Cell Death in HCT116 Human Colorectal Cancer Cells

Kim MJ, Kang YJ, Sung B, Jang JY, Ahn YR, Oh HJ, Choi H, Choi I, Im E, Moon HR, Chung HY, Kim ND

We examined the anticancer effects of a novel sirtuin inhibitor, MHY2256, on HCT116 human colorectal cancer cells to investigate its underlying molecular mechanisms. MHY2256 significantly suppressed the activity of sirtuin...
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Survival Association and Cell Cycle Effects of B7H3 in Neuroblastoma

Zhang H, Zhang J, Li C, Xu H, Dong R, Chen CC, Hua W

Objective : The function of B7H3, a member of the B7 family of proteins, in neuroblastoma (NB) remains poorly characterized. Here we examine the expression pattern of B7H3 in clinical...
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Mesenchymal stem cells in acute myeloid leukemia: a focus on mechanisms involved and therapeutic concepts

Fathi E, Sanaat Z, Farahzadi

Drug resistance in cancer, especially in leukemia, creates a dilemma in treatment planning. Consequently, studies related to the mechanisms underlying drug resistance, the molecular pathways involved in this phenomenon, and...
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Helicobacter pylori inhibited cell proliferation in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts through the Cdc25C/CDK1/cyclinB1 signaling cascade

Li H, Liang D, Hu N, Dai X, He J, Zhuang H, Zhao W

PURPOSE: Several studies have shown that the oral cavity is a secondary location for Helicobacter pylori colonization and that H. pylori is associated with the severity of periodontitis. This study...
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Cell Division Cycle Associated 8 Is a Key Regulator of Tamoxifen Resistance in Breast Cancer

Yu D, Shi L, Bu Y, Li W

PURPOSE: Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most common malignancies globally, and millions of women worldwide are diagnosed with BC every year. Up to 70% of BC patients are...
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Induction of Melanoma Cell-Selective Apoptosis Using Anti-HER2 Antibody-Conjugated Gold Nanoparticles

Jeon HJ, Choi BB, Park KH, Hwang DS, Kim UK, Kim GC

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to verify the induction and mechanism of selective apoptosis in G361 melanoma cells using anti-HER2 antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles (GNP-HER2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following GNP-HER2 treatment of...
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Bleomycin Inhibits Proliferation via Schlafen-Mediated Cell Cycle Arrest in Mouse Alveolar Epithelial Cells

Jang S, Ryu SM, Lee J, Lee H, Hong SH, Ha KS, Park WS, Han ET, Yang SR

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis involves irreversible alveolar destruction. Although alveolar epithelial type II cells are key functional participants within the lung parenchyma, how epithelial cells are affected upon bleomycin (BLM)...
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RNA-sequencing Profiles of Cell Cycle–Related Genes Upregulated during the G2-Phase in Giardia lamblia

Kim J, Shin MY, Park SJ

To identify the component(s) involved in cell cycle control in the protozoan Giardia lamblia, cells arrested at the G1/S- or G2-phase by treatment with nocodazole and aphidicolin were prepared from...
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Antioxidant and growth inhibitory activities of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. in HCT116 human colon cancer cells

Seo JA, Ju J

PURPOSE: This study examined the antioxidant and cancer cell growth inhibitory activities of an ethanol extract and different solvent fractions of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. (ice plant). METHODS: The ice plant was...
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Bacoside A Induced Sub-G0 Arrest and Early Apoptosis in Human Glioblastoma Cell Line U-87 MG through Notch Signaling Pathway

Aithal MG, Rajeswari

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly malignant brain tumor with a worst prognosis of less than one year despite advance treatment facilities. Among various signaling pathway genes displaying genetic...
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Genetic features associated with ¹⁸F-FDG uptake in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma

Ahn KS, Kang KJ, Kim YH, Kim TS, Song BI, Kim HW, O'Brien D, Roberts LR, Lee JW, Won KS

PURPOSE: In intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA), genetic characteristics on ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose (¹⁸F-FDG)-PET scans are not yet clarified. If specific genetic characteristics were found to be related to FDG uptake in iCCA, we...
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