Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2017 Jun;60(6):295-300. 10.3342/kjorl-hns.2017.00374.

Compensation of the Postural Instability in Patients with Acute Unilateral Vestibular Neuritis: The Usefulness of Computerized Dynamic Posturography as an Objective Indicator

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Myongji Hospital, Seonam University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea. lovend77@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) in patients with acute vestibular neuritis (AVN) by identifying the recovery period of Sensory Organization Test (SOT) and comparing the result of SOT with those of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) tests and subjective symptoms.
SUBJECTS AND METHOD
A prospective study was conducted on 41 patients who were diagnosed with AVN. The SOT was measured daily until the equilibrium composite score recovered the normal value. A survey, composing of questionnaires on Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), motion sensitive quotient (MSQ) and Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), was conducted on the patient's initial visit and on the day the normal value of SOT was recovered. Videonystagmography and the caloric test were also performed, and the results were compared with those of the SOT.
RESULTS
The mean duration from the onset of vertigo to the recovery of SOT scores was 3.7±2.9 days (median 3.0 days) and that from the onset of vertigo to the disappearance of spontaneous nystagmus was 17.1±27.2 days (median 6.0 days). The scores of 4 questionnaires (VAS, DHI, MSQ, and ABC) were significantly different between the initial day and the day of recovery to the normal value of SOT (p<0.001). However, the velocity of spontaneous nystagmus on the initial visit and the degree of canal paresis from the caloric test showed no significant correlations to recovery duration from the onset of vertigo to the normalization of SOT score.
CONCLUSION
The recovery duration of vestibulospinal reflex (VSR) is much shorter than that of VOR in patients with AVN. The recovery of subjective symptoms showed close correlation with the recovery of VSR, but the results of VSR was not correlated with that of VOR. Therefore, CDP could be a very useful test for monitoring the resolution of subjective symptoms in patients with AVN.

Keyword

Sensory organization test; Vestibular neuritis; Vestibuloocular reflex; Vestibulospinal reflex

MeSH Terms

Caloric Tests
Compensation and Redress*
Cytidine Diphosphate
Dizziness
Humans
Methods
Paresis
Prospective Studies
Reference Values
Reflex
Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular
Vertigo
Vestibular Neuronitis*
Cytidine Diphosphate
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