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Sequential Vestibular Neuritis: Report of Four Cases and Literature Review

Comacchio F, Mion M, Armato E, Castellucci A

Background and Objectives: Bilateral sequential vestibular neuritis (BSVN) is a rare condition in which an inflammation or an ischemic damage of the vestibular nerve occurs bilaterally in a sequential pattern....
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Differential Diagnosis of the Acute Vestibular Syndrome

Kim SH

Acute vestibular syndrome refers to the rapid onset of vertigo, nausea, vomiting, and unsteady gait. Acute unilateral vestibular neuritis is the most common cause of acute vestibular syndrome. However, vascular...
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Comparison of Predictive Parameters between the Video Head Impulse Test and Caloric Test

Han C, Paik SW, Yang HJ, Park SY, Lee JH, Seo YJ

Objectives: The aim of this paper was to determine if a correlation exists between video head impulse test (vHIT) and electronystagmography with caloric test (ENG). More specifically, comparison of covert...
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Unilateral Vestibular Neuritis after Snakebite: Is There a Causal Relationship?

Kim JM, Park HJ, Kim S, Lee SH

Vast majority of triggering factors preceding vestibular neuritis (VN) are unknown, although many cases are associated with viral infection. A 55-year-old woman was bitten by a viper on her right...
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Clinical Application of Video Head Impulse Test in Acute Vestibular Syndrome

Yoo MH

Acute unilateral vestibulopathy (AUV) is the recommended term [rather than the more widely used ‘vestibular neuritis (VN)’] for all pathologies involving sudden impairment of the unilateral peripheral vestibular function regardless...
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Direction-Changing and Direction-Fixed Positional Nystagmus in Patients With Vestibular Neuritis and Meniere Disease

Kim CH, Shin JE, Yoo MH, Park HJ

OBJECTIVES: Direction-changing positional nystagmus (PN) was considered to indicate the presence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving lateral semicircular canal in most cases. We investigated the incidence of PN on...
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A Case of Isolated Nodular Infarction Mimicking Vestibular Neuritis on the Contralateral Side

Lee J, Song K, Yu IK, Lee HY

Differentiating central vestibulopathy from more common vestibular disorders is crucial because it often necessitates different treatment strategies, and early detection can help to minimize potential complications. Isolated nodular infarct is...
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Shoe-Type Wearable Sensors Measure Gait Parameters in Vestibular Neuritis: A Preliminary Study

Cha JS, Kim DY, Lee HS, Kim N, Lee HH

OBJECTIVES: Despite patients with dizziness were reported of revealing gait problems, there is still lack of objective quantitative measurement of gait patterns of peripheral vestibular disorders. To demonstrate gait variability...
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Relationship between Video Head Impulse Gain and Severity of Dizziness in Patients with Vestibular Neuritis

Nam SH, Kim YH, Choi WR, Kim Y, Ku JY, Park HJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the correlation between video head impulse test (vHIT) and dizziness handicap inventory (DHI), which is commonly used to quantify severity of dizziness in vestibular neuritis...
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Visuospatial Dysfunction in Patients With the Right Vestibular Neuritis

Jeon SH, Kim KW, Shin HJ, Shin BS, Seo MW, Oh SY

Acute vestibular neuritis (VN) is characterized by acute/subacute vertigo with spontaneous nystagmus and unilateral loss of semicircular canal function. Vestibular system in human is represented in the brain bilaterally with...
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A Case of Patient with Acute Peripheral Vestibulopathy Involving Isolated Posterior Semicircular Canal

Im SK, Song MH, Gu JW, Shim DB

Down-beat nystagmus in peripheral vestibulopathy may rarely occur in selective involvement of inferior division. Diagnosis of isolated inferior vestibular neuritis is based on torsional down-beating spontaneous nystagmus, abnormal head-impulse test...
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Long-Term Changes in Video Head Impulse and Caloric Tests in Patients with Unilateral Vestibular Neuritis

Lee HJ, Kim SH, Jung J

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Video head impulse tests (vHITs) and caloric tests are widely used to assess the loss of vestibular function in acute vestibular neuritis. Although previous studies have reported...
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A Case of Acute Vestibular Neuritis with Periodic Alternating Nystagmus

Jeong SW, Lee JM, Kim SH, Chang JH

Detection of nystagmus is an important diagnostic clue in patients with acute vertigo. Patients with peripheral disorders exhibit nystagmus with a constant direction whereas those with central disorders exhibit nystagmus...
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Compensation of the Postural Instability in Patients with Acute Unilateral Vestibular Neuritis: The Usefulness of Computerized Dynamic Posturography as an Objective Indicator

Park JW, Shin YG, Gu JW, Song MH, Shim DB

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) in patients with acute vestibular neuritis (AVN) by identifying the recovery period...
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Vestibular Neuritis With Minimal Canal Paresis: Characteristics and Clinical Implication

Kim HJ, Kim DY, Hwang JH, Kim KS

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinical characteristics of vestibular neuritis patients with minimal canal paresis (canal paresis
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Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Total or Divisional Vestibular Neuritis

Na S, Lee ES, Sung KB, Lee TK

OBJECTIVES: In vestibular neuritis (VN), the lesion preferentially affects the superior vestibular nerve because of the anatomic arrangement. It is well known that VN patients have a higher score of...
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Herpes Zoster Oticus without Facial Palsy and Hearing Loss Masquerading as Vestibular Neuritis

Ha H, Kim J, Kim JH, Lee SH

Herpes zoster oticus, also called Ramsay-Hunt syndrome, involves the geniculate ganglion and presents with facial nerve palsy, sensorineural hearing loss, vestibular dysfunction, and auricular vesicular lesion. In this case, the...
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Normal Caloric Responses during Acute Phase of Vestibular Neuritis

Lee SU, Park SH, Kim HJ, Koo JW, Kim JS

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We report a novel finding of caloric conversion from normal responses into unilateral paresis during the acute phase of vestibular neuritis (VN). METHODS: We recruited 893 patients with...
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Acute Vestibular Neuritis and Ramsay-Hunt Syndrome

Kim MJ, Kim M

Acute vestibular neuritis is the disorder characterized by acute, spontaneous vertigo with the unilateral vestibular loss. Reactivation of herpes simplex virus is considered as its cause. Its management consists of...
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A Case of Cerebellar Metastasis Mimicking Vestibular Neuritis

Kim YJ, Kim CH, Lee HH

Vestibular neuritis is characterized by rapid onset of vertigo, nausea and vomiting without neurological symptoms or signs, but central vestibular lesions can cause similar symptoms and signs. A 66-year-old woman...
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