Int J Stem Cells.  2015 Nov;8(2):115-120. 10.15283/ijsc.2015.8.2.115.

A Mini Overview of Isolation, Characterization and Application of Amniotic Fluid Stem Cells

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Advanced Medical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
  • 2Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
  • 3Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Iran. ez.fathi@tabrizu.ac.ir
  • 4Department of Reproductive Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

Amniotic fluid represents rich sources of stem cells that can be used in treatments for a wide range of diseases. Amniotic fluid- stem cells have properties intermediate between embryonic and adult mesenchymal stem cells which make them particularly attractive for cellular regeneration and tissue engineering. Furthermore, scientists are interested in these cells because they come from the amniotic fluid that is routinely discarded after birth. In this review we give a brief introduction of amniotic fluid followed by a description of the cells present within this fluid and aim to summarize the all existing isolation methods, culturing, characterization and application of these cells. Finally, we elaborate on the differentiation and potential for these cells to promote regeneration of various tissue defects, including fetal tissue, the nervous system, heart, lungs, kidneys, bones, and cartilage in the form of table.

Keyword

Amniotic fluid; Amniotic fluid- stem cells; Isolation; Differentiation; Tissue engineering

MeSH Terms

Adult
Amniotic Fluid*
Cartilage
Female
Fetus
Heart
Humans
Kidney
Lung
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Nervous System
Parturition
Regeneration
Stem Cells*
Tissue Engineering
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