Korean J Parasitol.  2017 Feb;55(1):85-88. 10.3347/kjp.2017.55.1.85.

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Wild Boars, Wild Rabbits, and Wild Chickens in Hubei Province, China

Affiliations
  • 1College of Animal Sciences, Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology, Wenzhou 325006, China. chviolet1984@sina.com
  • 2College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.
  • 3University College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, 63100, Pakistan.
  • 4Animal Husbandry Technology Extending Stations, Yi Chang, 443000, China.

Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii causes serious infection worldwide in humans and animals. In this study, the seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis was investigated in wild boars (Sus scrofa) (n=377), wild rabbits (cape hare, Lapus capensis) (n=331), and wild chickens (red junglefwol, Gallus gallus) (n=571) in 4 forested and country sided area of Hubei province of China. For this, blood samples were collected and tested by indirect hemagglutination test (IHA). The seroprevalence was found to be 7.2%, 5.1%, and 12.6% in wild boars, rabbits, and chickens, respectively, with significant differences among these species. The prevalence of T. gondii infection in male and female wild boars was found to be 7.9% and 6.5% (P<0.01), in male and female rabbits was 5.6% and 4.9% (P<0.01), and in male and female chickens was 17.1% and 7.7% (P<0.01), respectively, with significant differences between 2 genders of chickens (P<0.01). The findings of this study may help in planning of the prevention measures against T. gondii infection in wild animals in this area.

Keyword

Toxoplasma gondii; seroprevalence; indirect hemagglutination; wild boar; wild rabbit; wild chicken; Hubei province
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