Korean J Nosocomial Infect Control.  2016 Jun;21(1):31-36. 10.14192/kjnic.2016.21.1.31.

Seroprevalence of Anti-hepatitis B Virus, Anti-hepatitis A Virus, and Anti-varicella Zoster Virus Antibodies in Nursing Students from 2009 to 2013

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Woosuk University, Wanju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Infection Control Office, Presbyterian Medical Center, Jeonju, Korea. donglyson@hanmail.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Nursing students may be exposed to patients with infectious diseases such as hepatitis B and hepatitis A through needle stick injuries or close contact during their clinical practice. This study surveyed the presence of antihepatitis B virus (anti-HBV), anti-hepatitis A virus (anti-HAV), and anti-varicella zoster virus antibodies in nursing students before the initiation of their clinical practice to help prevent subsequent infections.
METHODS
From 2009 to 2013, the junior students of a nursing college in Jeollabuk-do were tested for antibodies against the hepatitis B, hepatitis A, and varicella zoster viruses before the initiation of their clinical practice.
RESULTS
The students tested positive for anti-HBV (46.2-57.1%), anti-HAV (0-10.5%), and anti-varicella zoster antibodies (80.2-90.2%). No significant differences in the positivity rates were observed with respect to the year of their enrollment.
CONCLUSION
This study was a survey of the seroprevalence of anti-HBV, anti-HAV, and anti-varicella zoster antibodies in nursing students before they started their clinical practice. The positivity rate of anti-HAV was lower than 10%. In order to prevent infection, it is necessary to test nursing students for the presence of antibodies against hepatitis B, hepatitis A, varicella, measles, mumps, and rubella, and check their vaccination history as recommended in the adult immunization schedule. Vaccination must be recommended for students who test negative for the respective antibodies.

Keyword

Hepatitis A antibodies; Hepatitis B antibodies; Nursing student; Seroprevalence; Varicella

MeSH Terms

Adult
Antibodies*
Chickenpox
Communicable Diseases
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A Antibodies
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B Antibodies
Herpes Zoster*
Herpesvirus 1, Cercopithecine*
Herpesvirus 3, Human
Humans
Immunization Schedule
Jeollabuk-do
Measles
Mumps
Needlestick Injuries
Nursing*
Rubella
Seroepidemiologic Studies*
Students, Nursing*
Vaccination
Antibodies
Hepatitis A Antibodies
Hepatitis B Antibodies
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