Korean J healthc assoc Infect Control Prev.  2020 Dec;25(2):146-153. 10.14192/kjicp.2020.25.2.146.

The Seroprevalence and Vaccination Status for Infectious Diseases in Nursing Students before Clinical Practice

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Woosuk University, Wanju, Korea
  • 2College of Nursing, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea

Abstract

Background
This study aimed to investigate the seroprevalence of anti-Hepatitis B virus, anti-Hepatitis A virus, and chickenpox in nursing students before the initiation of their clinical practice, nursing students in medical institutions, the current immunization status of those without antibodies for measles-mumps-rubella and influenza.
Methods
The data was collected using the result sheet and vaccination certificate. This study investigated the seroprevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis A, chickenpox, vaccination status of those who have not formed antibodies, and vaccination status of measles, mumps, rubella, and influenza before the clinical practice of second-year nursing college students in the Jeonbuk region from 2014 to 2018.
Results
A total of 461 students were included in this study. The results indicated that seroprevalence was 25.8-35.6% for hepatitis B, 10.3-34.4% for hepatitis A, and 54.0-73.0% for chickenpox. Those who have not formed antibodies received the 1st and 2nd vaccination, but it did not confirm whether they received complete immunization. Vaccination of measles, mumps, rubella, and influenza was 100%.
Conclusion
Nursing students got vaccination after checking whether antibodies of preventable infectious diseases were formed before clinical practice. Therefore, this is expected to have a preventive effect against these diseases during the clinical practice period.

Keyword

Clinical practice; Infectious disease; Nursing student; Seroprevalence; Vaccination
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