J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2013 Sep;19(4):491-500.

Interpersonal Relations, Hope, Professional Self-concept and Turnover Intention according to Adult Attachment Styles in Early Stage Nurses

  • 1Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Gyeongsang National University, Korea. sung@gnu.ac.kr
  • 3Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Korea.


This study was done to examine interpersonal relations, hope, professional self-concept and turnover intention according to adult attachment styles in early stage nurses.
A survey using a structured questionnaire was conducted with 245 nurses who work in one of six general hospitals. Additionally, a qualitative method was used to obtain data on experiences in interpersonal relations. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WINdows 14.0 and qualitative data from open question in the survey questionnaire were analyzed using content analysis.
There was a significant difference in interpersonal relations, hope, and professional self-concept according to adult attachment styles. In the interpersonal relation of early stage nurses, 8 themes were identified, of which the most frequent were: a comfortable relationship with my co-workers (43%) and stress from the relationship (34%).
Findings from this study should be useful in the development of programs to promote adult attachment and professional self-concept for early stage nurses.


Nurses; Object attachment; Interpersonal relations; Self-concept; Personnel turnover

MeSH Terms

Hospitals, General
Interpersonal Relations
Object Attachment
Personnel Turnover
Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Figure 1 Adult attachment styles of early stage nurses.


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