Korean J Hosp Palliat Care.  2011 Mar;14(1):8-19.

Analysis of Experimental Researches in Korea on the Effects of Aromatherapy to Relieve Pain

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Gyeongsan University College, Gyeongsan, Korea. parkje@gs.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Nursing, Kyungwoon University, Gumi, Korea.
  • 4Department of Nursing, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.
  • 5Gyeongnam Provincial Geochang College, Geochang, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study identifies research trends and provides fundamental data related to curative power of aromatherapy to relieve pain in Korea.
METHODS
The study analyzed 44 experimental studies on humans that were published in Korea before the end of December, 2009. The key words used for searching were: aroma, aromatherapy, hyang-yobeob, hyanggi-yobeob, hyanggichilyo, aromatherapy and pain, headache, scapulodynia, omodynia, feeling uncomfortable in the perineal region, sense of pain, labor pains, arm pain, menstrual pain, aches, and dysmenorrheal. Those words were found on websites, including those for Korea Education & Research Information Service, the National Assembly Library, KISS, KoreaMed, and NDSL. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.
RESULTS
The results showed that most of essential oils to relieve pain is composed of three to four kinds of oils, including Lavender, Roman chamomile, Rosemary, and Clarysage. Aromatherapy is applied usually by means of massage (50%), inhalation (13.6%), or a combination of the above two (13.6%). Measuring instruments as a dependent variable include VAS, questionnaire, GRS, blood pressure, pulse, and Algometer. Aromatherapy plays an important role in soothing headaches and arthralgia. However, when it comes to labor and menstrual pain, it doesn't seem to be effective.
CONCLUSION
The study found that different kinds of oil, frequencies, and periods of time are used for the same symptoms. Further research should employ standardized oil blending, application, duration, and measuring instruments, and more systematically analyze the effects of aromatherapy to establish the effects on relieving pain.

Keyword

Aromatherapy; Pain; Systematic review

MeSH Terms

Arm
Aromatherapy
Arthralgia
Blood Pressure
Chamaemelum
Dysmenorrhea
Female
Headache
Humans
Information Services
Inhalation
Korea
Labor Pain
Lavandula
Massage
Oils
Oils, Volatile
Pregnancy
Surveys and Questionnaires
Oils
Oils, Volatile
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