Infect Chemother.  2004 Jun;36(3):185-188.

A Case of Kikuchi's disease accompanied by Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea. mdssampak@yahoo.co.kr
  • 2Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Laboratory Medicine, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea.

Abstract

Kikuchi's disease usually occurs in young women and is characterized by localized lymphadenitis (mostly cervical) usually associated with fever. It is considered a self-limited disease and most patients recover spontaneously within a few weeks to 6 months without any serious sequelae. However, patients with Kikuchi's disease require a systemic survey and regular follow-up for several years because it may be associated with other diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus. To our knowledge, there are very few reports of Kikuchi's disease accompanied by hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Biopsy of a right cervical lymph node in a 35-year-old female who presented with fever and masses in the right cervical region showed necrotizing lymphadenitis and a diagnosis of Kikuchi's disease was reached. She was started on methylprednisolone pulse therapy (500 mg for 3 days) but developed generalized rash and fever. Laboratory data showed pancytopenia, elevation of serum transaminase and ferritin levels. Bone marrow and liver biopsy showed proliferation of histiocytes and Kupffer's cells engulfing lymphocytes, platelets and red blood cells, respectively. We report a case of Kikuchi's disease accompanied by hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.

Keyword

Kikuchi's disease; Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis

MeSH Terms

Adult
Biopsy
Bone Marrow
Diagnosis
Erythrocytes
Exanthema
Female
Ferritins
Fever
Follow-Up Studies
Histiocytes
Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis*
Humans
Liver
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Lymph Nodes
Lymphadenitis
Lymphocytes
Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic*
Methylprednisolone
Pancytopenia
Ferritins
Methylprednisolone
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