Clin Nutr Res.  2013 Jul;2(2):154-158. 10.7762/cnr.2013.2.2.154.

Changes in Dietary Intake, Body Weight, Nutritional Status, and Metabolic Rate in a Pancreatic Cancer Patient

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Clinical Nutrition, National Cancer Center, Goyang 410-769, Korea.
  • 2Center for Liver Cancer, National Cancer Center, Goyang 410-769, Korea. wsm@ncc.re.kr

Abstract

Pancreatic cancer patients often have a poor prognosis and suffer from nutritional problems. Malnutrition is characterized by weight loss and decreased dietary intake, and is common among pancreatic cancer patients. The objective of this report was to describe the changes in dietary intake, body weight, nutritional status, and metabolic rate on a continuum from the time of diagnosis until the end of life in a patient with pancreatic cancer. In summary, the patient's nutritional status gradually declined, accompanied by extreme weight loss and decreased dietary intake. Conversely, resting energy expenditure, measured by indirect calorimetry, increased from 24 kcal/kg/day to 35 kcal/kg/day. Nutritional management during cancer treatment is important but may be challenging in pancreatic cancer patients.

Keyword

Pancreatic cancer; Diet records; Nutritional status; Basal metabolism

MeSH Terms

Basal Metabolism
Body Weight*
Calorimetry, Indirect
Diagnosis
Diet Records
Energy Metabolism
Humans
Malnutrition
Nutritional Status*
Pancreatic Neoplasms*
Prognosis
Weight Loss
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