Asian Spine J.  2014 Dec;8(6):747-752. 10.4184/asj.2014.8.6.747.

Kinematic Analysis of the Cervical Cord and Cervical Canal by Dynamic Neck Motion

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan. kendo@tokyo-med.ac.jp

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Normal cervical sagittal length patterns were measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of sagittal length patterns between the cervical cord and the cervical canal in flexion-extension kinematics. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Cervical dynamic factors sometimes cause a cervical spondylotic myelopathy in elderly subjects and an overstretching myelopathy in juvenile subjects. Previous studies showed the length changing of the cervical cord in flexion and extension. However, there is no detailed literature about the relationship between cervical vertebral motion and cord distortion yet.
METHODS
Sixty-two normal subjects (28 male and 34 female, 42.1+/-8.5 years old) without neck motion disturbances and abnormalities on cervical X-ray and MRI were enrolled in this study.
RESULTS
The cervical cord length was significantly longer in flexion and significantly shorter in extension in all cervical cord sagittal lines. The cervical canal length pattern was also the same as the cervical cord. The elongation of the cervical cord and canal was the largest at the site of the posterior cervical canal and the shortest at the anterior canal site. The positions of the cerebellar tonsils were verified at each neck position.
CONCLUSIONS
The posterior elements of the cervical canal were most affected by neck motion. Movement directions of the upper cervical cord were verified among the various neck positions.

Keyword

Cervical spine; Biomechanics; Magnetic resonance imaging

MeSH Terms

Aged
Biomechanical Phenomena
Female
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Neck*
Palatine Tonsil
Spinal Cord Diseases
Full Text Links
  • ASJ
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr