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Odontoid Incidence: A Novel Cervical Parameter Influencing Cervical Alignment From Top to Bottom

Lee JK, Hyun SJ, Kim KJ

Objective: By using angulation of the axis itself, this study aims to define and analyze odontoid incidence (OI) and odontoid tilt (OT) as novel cervical alignment parameters and investigate their...
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Fracture and Bilateral Facet Dislocation after Anterior Cervical Fusion in a Patient with a Distraction-Flexion Injury at the Lower Cervical Level

Kim JK, Kim JH, Kim KT, Song KJ

A bilateral facet dislocation after anterior cervical fusion with a plate in distraction-flexion injury without significant instability in plain radiography is very rare. This paper reports a case with a...
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What Type of Incision for Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery Involving Long Segments Can Bring Better Cosmetic and Functional Outcomes?

Lee HR, Lee DH, Seok SY, Park S, Cho JH, Hwang CJ, Lee CS

Objective: To determine whether double transverse incisions could provide superior cosmetic and functional outcomes, including rates of dysphagia and dysphonia, compared with longitudinal incisions in patients undergoing anterior cervical spine...
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Biomechanical Analysis of 3-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Under Physiologic Loads Using a Finite Element Model

Tan LA, Yoganandan N, Choi H, Purushothaman Y, Jebaseelan D, Bosco A

Objective: Pseudarthrosis and adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) are 2 common complications after multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). We aim to identify the potential biomechanical factors contributing to pseudarthrosis...
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Impact of Interspace Distraction on Fusion and Clinical Outcomes in Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: A Longitudinal Cohort Study

Lawless MH, Yoon EJ, Jasinski JM, Gabrail J, Jordan N, Kado K, Tong D, Soo TM, Carr DA

Study Design: Longitudinal cohort study. Purpose: To determine the effect of change in interspace height on fusion and postoperative neck pain. Overview of Literature: The optimal height of a cervical interbody device...
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The Feasibility of Translaminar Screws in the Subaxial Cervical Spine: Computed Tomography and Cadaveric Validation

Cho W, Le JT, Shimer AL, Werner BC, Glaser JA, Shen FH

Background: The use of translaminar screws may serve as a viable salvage method for complicated cases. To our understanding, the study of the feasibility of translaminar screw insertion in the...
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Reconstruction of the Cervical Lateral Mass Using 3-Dimensional-Printed Prostheses

Jian Q, Liu Z, Duan W, Guan J, Jian F, Chen Z

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the outcome of using 3-dimensional (3D)-printed prostheses to reconstruct a cervical lateral mass to maintain cervical stability. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data of 7 patients...
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Delayed Postoperative Paravertebral Abscess in a Patient with Cervical Spinal Cord Injury Accompanied by Ankylosing Spondylitis

Lee GJ, Lee JW

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease presenting progressive spinal stiffness and sacroiliitis. Cervical spine fracture combined with AS should be treated with operation, but it is closely related...
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Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Application in Cervical Spine: Pictorial Essay

Yoon YS, Lee JH, Kim ES, Lee KJ

Ultrasound (US) can depict of various anatomical structures, such as muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerve roots, and vessels, around the neck. The usage of US around the neck is increasing due...
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Upper Cervical Compression Myelopathy Caused by the Retro-Odontoid Pseudotumor With Degenerative Osteoarthritis and Calcium Pyrophosphate Dihydrate Disease: A Case Report and Literature Review

Yurube T, Iguchi T, Kinoshita K, Sadamitsu T, Kakutani K

The retro-odontoid pseudotumor is often concurrent with atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS). Therefore, the pseudotumor is relatively common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) but rare in primary osteoarthritis (OA). This is a case...
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Double Dome Laminoplasty: A Novel Technique for C2 Decompression

Lee DH, Dadufalza GKP, Baik JM, Park S, Cho JH, Hwang CJ, Lee CS

Objective: To introduce a new surgical technique - double dome laminoplasty for decompression of the entire C2 lamina and preservation of an extensor muscle insertion. Methods: Eleven consecutive cervical myelopathy patients...
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Complications of Posterior Fusion for Atlantoaxial Instability in Children With Down Syndrome

Takeoka Y, Kakutani K, Miyamoto H, Suzuki T, Yurube T, Komoto I, Ryu M, Satsuma S, Uno K

Objective: To clarify the complications of posterior fusion for atlantoaxial instability (AAI) in children with Down syndrome and to discuss the significance of surgical intervention. Methods: Twenty pediatric patients with Down...
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Conservative Management for a Highly Displaced Dens Fracture in a Two-Year-Old Child

Lim SJ, Kim GJ, Kim YM

Fractures of the dens (odontoid process) in children’s cervical spine are rare, with very few case reports dealing with these injuries. In particular, a treatment modality has not been established...
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Radiological Assessment of the Effects of Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion on Distraction of the Posterior Ligamentum Flavum in Patients with Degenerative Cervical Spines

Choi BW, Choi MS, Chang H

Background: This study aimed to assess the effects of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) on distraction of the posterior ligamentum flavum (LF) by increasing the intervertebral disc height and...
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Effect of Facet Tropism on the Degeneration of the Cervical Facet Joint and Intervertebral Disc

Chung SS, Park CH, Heo KS

Purpose: To investigate the effect of facet tropism on the degeneration of facet joint and intervertebral disc in the cervical spine. Materials and Methods: From January 2017 to December 2018, cervical...
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Far-Lateral Approach for Ventral and Ventrolateral Upper Cervical Meningiomas: A Case Series and Literature Review

Abou-Madawi AM, ElKazaz MK, Alshatoury HA, Ali SH

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the far-lateral approach in the resection of ventral and ventrolateral upper cervical meningiomas. Overview of Literature: Upper cervical meningiomas...
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3D motion analysis of cervical spine joints of dental hygiene students and dental hygienists during scaling operation

Lee KY, Kim JH

Objectives: This study aimed to objectively evaluate factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders by measuring the range of motion of the cervical spine. Using three-dimensional motion analysis, the degree of flexion,...
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Physiologic Cervical Alignment Change between Cervical Spine X-ray and Computed Tomography

Lee HJ, Kim IS, Hong JT

Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations among various radiological parameters used to determine cervical alignment from cervical spine radiographs (X-CS) and cervical spine computed...
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Comparison between Anterior Cervical Decompression with Fusion and Posterior Cervical Fusion with Wide Facetectomy for Treatment of Severe Bony Foraminal Stenosis

Lee S, Cho DC, Chon H, Roh SW, Choi I, Park JH

Objective : To compare the anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and posterior cervical fusion (PCF) with wide facetectomy in the treatment of parallel-shaped bony foraminal stenosis (FS). Methods : Thirty-six...
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Stand-Alone Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Using an Additive Manufactured Individualized Bioactive Porous Titanium Implant without Bone Graft: Results of a Prospective Clinical Trial

Fujibayashi S, Takemoto M, Nakamura T, Matsushita T, Kokubo T, Sasaki K, Mori S, Matsuda S

The purpose of this study was to introduce our patient-specific bioactive porous titanium implant manufactured using selective laser melting (SLM) and to establish the efficacy and safety of the implant...
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