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A Comparison Study of Four Cervical Disk Arthroplasty Devices Using Finite Element Models

Purushothaman Y, Choi H, Yoganandan N, Jebaseelan D, Baisden J, Kurpad S

Study Design: The study examined and compared four artificial cervical disks using validated finite element models. Purpose: To compare and contrast the biomechanical behavior of four artificial cervical disks by determining...
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Comparison of Short-Segment Pedicle Instrumentation with Supplemental Hook Fixation under Axial Compression in Relation to Graft Positioning and Posterior Ligamentous Integrity: A Biomechanical Study on the Calf Spine

Muratli SK, Berk H

Study Design: Biomechanical study. Purpose: This study investigates the benefits of supplemental hook fixation (SHF) on short-segment pedicle instrumentation (SSPI) in relation to anterior strut graft positioning. In addition, it seeks...
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Lag Screw Trajectory in Supination-External Rotation Fractures: Does the Direction of the Fibula Lag Screw Have an Effect?

Singla A, Sahlstrom AD, Tommasini SM, Yoo BJ

Background: The fracture obliquity of supination-external rotation injury of the fibula is often amenable to lag screw insertion. The purpose of the study was to determine whether biomechanical differences exist between...
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Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty: Clinical Results and Prevention of Complications

Rhee YG, Youn SM, Rhee SM

An increasing number of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty procedures has been performed since its introduction to South Korea in 2007. This review discusses the biomechanical rationale behind the development of...
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The six geometries revisited

Kang A, Musilli M, Farella M

Forces and moments delivered by a straight wire connecting two orthodontic brackets are statically indeterminate and cannot be estimated using the classical equations of static equilibrium. To identify the mechanics...
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Does the prosthesis weight matter? 3D finite element analysis of a fixed implant-supported prosthesis at different weights and implant numbers

Tribst JPM, Piva AMdOD, Borges ALS, Rodrigues VA, Bottino MA, Kleverlaan CJ

PURPOSE. This study evaluated the influence of prosthesis weight and number of implants on the bone tissue microstrain. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Fifteen (15) fixed full-arch implant-supported prosthesis designs were created...
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Comparative Finite Element Analysis of Lumbar Cortical Screws and Pedicle Screws in Transforaminal and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Sin DA, Heo DH

OBJECTIVE: Lumbar cortical screw fixation (CSF), rather than pedicle screw fixation (PSF), has recently been attempted in lumbar interbody fusion. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the biomechanical...
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Role of Posterior Ligamentous Reinforcement in Proximal Junctional Kyphosis: A Cadaveric Biomechanical Study

Kim JS, Cheung ZB, Arvind V, Caridi J, Cho SK

STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric biomechanical study. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to biomechanically evaluate the effect of preserving or augmenting the interspinous ligament (ISL) and supraspinous ligament (SSL; ISL/SSL) complex...
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Detection and Quantification of Screw-Home Movement Using Nine-Axis Inertial Sensors

Jeon JW, Lee DY, Yu JH, Kim JS, Hong J

PURPOSE: Although previous studies on the screw-home movement (SHM) for autopsy specimen and walking of living persons conducted, the possibility of acquiring SHM based on inertial measurement units received little...
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Spinal Deformity Surgery: A Critical Review of Alignment and Balance

Pumberger , Schmidt H, Putzier M

Correction of the overall coronal and/or sagittal plane deformities is one of the main predictors of successful spinal surgery. In routine clinical practice, spinal alignment is assessed using several spinal...
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Changes in hoof kinetics and kinematics at walk in response to hoof trimming: pressure plate assessment

Faramarzi , Nguyen A, Dong F

Appropriate hoof preparation and symmetry are linked to the well-being of the horse. Previous studies have shown the efficacy of pressure plates (PPs) in delivering objective biomechanical analysis. We aimed...
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Three-dimensional optimization and sensitivity analysis of dental implant thread parameters using finite element analysis

Geramizadeh M, Katoozian , Amid R, Kadkhodazadeh M

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to optimize the thread depth and pitch of a recently designed dental implant to provide uniform stress distribution by means of a response surface optimization method...
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Biomechanical Study of Posterior Pelvic Fixations in Vertically Unstable Sacral Fractures: An Alternative to Triangular Osteosynthesis

Chaiyamongkol W, Kritsaneephaiboon A, Bintachitt P, Suwannaphisit S, Tangtrakulwanich B

STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical study. PURPOSE: To investigate the relative stiffness of a new posterior pelvic fixation for unstable vertical fractures of the sacrum. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The reported operative fixation techniques for...
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Golf Swing Rotational Velocity: The Essential Follow-Through

Steele KM, Roh EY, Mahtani G, Meister DW, Ladd AL, Rose J

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if shoulder and pelvic angular velocities differ at impact or peak magnitude between professional and amateur golfers. Golf swing rotational biomechanics are a key determinant of power...
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Combination of Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Cartilage Pellet and Bioscaffold Supported Cartilage Regeneration of a Full Thickness Articular Surface Defect in Rabbits

Abbas M, Alkaff M, Jilani A, Alsehli H, Damiati L, Kotb M, Abdelwahed M, Alghamdi F, Kalamegam

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and/or biological scaffolds have been used to regenerate articular cartilage with variable success. In the present study we evaluated cartilage regeneration using a combination of...
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Assessment of the mechanical properties of the muscle-tendon unit by supersonic shear wave imaging elastography: a review

Lima KM, Costa Júnior JFS, Pereira WC, de Oliveira LF

This review aimed to describe the state of the art in muscle-tendon unit (MTU) assessment by supersonic shear wave imaging (SSI) elastography in states of muscle contraction and stretching, during...
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Stress distribution of implants with external and internal connection design: a 3-D finite element analysis

Chung H, Yang SP, Park JH, Park C, Shin JH, Yang H

PURPOSE: This study aims to analyze the stress distribution of mandibular molar restoration supported by the implants with external hex and internal taper abutment connection design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Models of...
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Comparison of Anterior Translation among Three Sternoclavicular Reconstruction Methods in Cadaver Study

Kim DS, Chung HJ, Park IH, Shin JS, Lee JP, Jang YH

PURPOSE: Currently, biomechanics and function comparison of the reconstruction of structures play important roles in the sternoclavicular joint stability is not much. In order to confirm the improvement in the...
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Biomechanical Assessment of Stabilization of Simulated Type II Odontoid Fracture with Case Study

Daniel RT, Hussain MM, Klocke N, Yandamuri , Bobinski L, Duff JM, Bucklen BS

STUDY DESIGN: Researchers created a proper type II dens fracture (DF) and quantified a novel current posterior fixation technique with spacers at C1–C2. A clinical case study supplements this biomechanical...
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Review of Cortical Bone Trajectory: Evidence of a New Technique

Delgado-Fernandez J, García-Pallero MA, Blasco G, Pulido-Rivas P, Sola RG

This article summarizes recent evidence on the cortical bone trajectory (CBT) obtained from published anatomical, biomechanical, and clinical studies. CBT was proposed by Santoni in 2009 as a new trajectory...
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