Korean J Nutr.  2008 Apr;41(3):264-282.

Analysis of the Relationship between Dietary Fiber Intake & Food Habits in the Korean Adult Population: Using the 2001 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey Data and the Newly Established Dietary Fiber Database

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food & Nutrition, Chungnam National University, Dajeon 305-764, Korea. sunly@cnu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, Korea.

Abstract

The present study assessed the relation of dietary fiber to food habits in Korean adults aged 20 and over, using a newly established dietary fiber, as well as the 2001 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey. The per capita average dietary fiber intake of Koreans was estimated to be 12.25 +/- 5.23 g/1,000 kcal. Calorie-based dietary fiber intakes for females was over the KDRI, but for males it was below the KDRI. The levels of total dietary fiber and energy corresponded with frequent snacking but calorie-based dietary fiber intake did not. The subjects who skipped meals, frequently ate out and consumed fried foods tended to have lower levels of calorie-based dietary fiber although the levels of energy and total dietary fiber corresponded with frequent eating-out and consumption of fried foods. The results of this study suggest that Koreans must make efforts to regularly have three meals a day, reduce the frequency of eating out and consume fewer fried foods in order to maintain the optimum intake levels of dietary fiber that protect against chronic diseases.

Keyword

new dietary fiber D/B; 2001 Korean national health and nutrition survey; dietary fiber intake; food habits

MeSH Terms

Adult
Aged
Chronic Disease
Dietary Fiber
Eating
Female
Food Habits
Humans
Male
Meals
Nutrition Surveys
Snacks
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