Korean J Hosp Palliat Care.  2012 Dec;15(4):212-221.

Comparison of Attitudes toward Death among Nursing Students from South Korea, Japan and Indonesia

Affiliations
  • 1Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Oita, Japan.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Kkottongnae University, Cheongwon, Korea. soyoungjh@kkot.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Korea.
  • 4St. Mary's College, Nursing Department, Kurume, Japan.
  • 5Fukuoka Red Cross Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.
  • 6Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was performed to compare nursing students' attitudes toward death among South Korea, Japan and Indonesia, and to confirm the need for death education in nursing.
METHODS
A total of 294 nursing students completed a questionnaire titled as the Death Attitude Profile-Revised (Wong, Recker, Gesser. 1994). Participating students were from two nursing schools in South Korea, two in Japan and one in Indonesia. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics including, chi2-test, ANOVA and multiple comparison analysis.
RESULTS
The total mean score of the DAP-R for the three countries combined was 3.84+/-0.73. By country, the mean was the highest for Indonesian students (4.32+/-0.71), followed by Korean (3.75+/-0.57) and Japanese (3.56+/-0.70) respectively. In relation to subcategories, Indonesian students showed the highest mean score for death avoidance (3.67+/-1.38) and approach acceptance (5.37+/-1.00). Korean students marked the highest (5.51+/-0.91) in neutral acceptance and Japanese students scored the best (3.63+/-1.46) in escape acceptance. Nursing students who had an experience of caring terminally ill patients tended to be affirmative in approach acceptance (P=0.047). There were significant differences in each of the four subcategories except fear of death among the three countries (P<0.001).
CONCLUSION
The above results indicate it is necessary to develop education programs based on each country's social and cultural background to help nursing students form desirable attitudes toward death.

Keyword

Death; Attitude; Education

MeSH Terms

Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Humans
Indonesia
Japan
Republic of Korea
Schools, Nursing
Students, Nursing
Terminally Ill
United Nations
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