Gut Liver.  2015 Sep;9(5):649-656. 10.5009/gnl13437.

Association between Diet and Lifestyle Habits and Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Case-Control Study

Affiliations
  • 1Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Gastroenterology, Department of Gastroenterology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China. liuside2013@163.com
  • 22310 S Bentley Ave, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
  • 3Department of Gastroenterology, Wuxi People's Hospital affiliated with Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, China.
  • 4Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS
Recent papers have highlighted the role of diet and lifestyle habits in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but very few population-based studies have evaluated this association in developing countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between diet and lifestyle habits and IBS.
METHODS
A food frequency and lifestyle habits questionnaire was used to record the diet and lifestyle habits of 78 IBS subjects and 79 healthy subjects. Cross-tabulation analysis and logistic regression were used to reveal any association among lifestyle habits, eating habits, food consumption frequency, and other associated conditions.
RESULTS
The results from logistic regression analysis indicated that IBS was associated with irregular eating (odds ratio [OR], 3.257), physical inactivity (OR, 3.588), and good quality sleep (OR, 0.132). IBS subjects ate fruit (OR, 3.082) vegetables (OR, 3.778), and legumes (OR, 2.111) and drank tea (OR, 2.221) significantly more frequently than the control subjects. After adjusting for age and sex, irregular eating (OR, 3.963), physical inactivity (OR, 6.297), eating vegetables (OR, 7.904), legumes (OR, 2.674), drinking tea (OR, 3.421) and good quality sleep (OR, 0.054) were independent predictors of IBS.
CONCLUSIONS
This study reveals a possible association between diet and lifestyle habits and IBS.

Keyword

Irritable bowel syndrome; Food; Diet habits; Life style; Odds ratio

MeSH Terms

Adult
Case-Control Studies
China
Diet/*adverse effects
Female
*Food Habits
Healthy Volunteers
Humans
Irritable Bowel Syndrome/*etiology
*Life Style
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Surveys and Questionnaires
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