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Spade-Shaped Anastomosis Following a Proximal Gastrectomy Using a Double Suture to Fix the Posterior Esophageal Wall to the Anterior Gastric Wall (SPADE Operation): Case-Control Study of Early Outcomes

Han WH, Eom BW, Yoon HM, Ryu J, Kim YW

PURPOSE: Proximal gastrectomy (PG) is a function-preserving surgery in cases of proximally located early-stage gastric cancer. Because gastroesophageal reflux is a major pitfall of this operation, we devised a modified...
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Is there an association between platelet and blood inflammatory indices and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus?

Fashami MA, Hajian S, Afrakhteh , Khoob MK

OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most prevalent medical complication in pregnancy. Early diagnosis of GDM can influence maternal/neonatal outcomes. To assess the association between platelet and blood inflammatory...
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Determination of maternal risk factors of preterm delivery: adjusted for sparse data bias; results from a population-based case-control study in Iran

Valipour M, Ayubi E, Shiravand , Moradi Y, Abbaszadeh A, Amrai F, Mokhtari S, Bahmanpour K, Mansori K

OBJECTIVE: To determine the maternal risk factors associated with preterm delivery in Iran. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted including 48 women having preterm delivery (case group) and 100 women...
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Rare PTH Gene Mutations Causing Parathyroid Disorders: A Review

Lee JH, Davaatseren M, Lee S

Since parathyroid hormone (PTH) was first isolated and its gene (PTH) was sequenced, only eight PTH mutations have been discovered. The C18R mutation in PTH, discovered in 1990, was the...
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Minocycline and Its Impact on Microbial Dysbiosis in the Skin and Gastrointestinal Tract of Acne Patients

Thompson K, Rainer BM, Antonescu , Florea L, Mongodin E, Kang S, Chien AL

BACKGROUND: Associations between acne and gastrointestinal comorbidities suggest that microbial dysbiosis and intestinal permeability may promote inflammatory acne, a condition often managed with oral antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: We performed a case-control study...
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Gingival crevicular fluid levels of visfatin in patients with chronic periodontitis and polycystic ovary syndrome

Saljoughi , Nasri K, Bayani M

OBJECTIVE: Recently, the association between periodontal diseases and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been established, and it has been revealed that visfatin levels increase in chronic periodontitis (CP) and PCOS....
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Pure additive contribution of genetic variants to a risk prediction model using propensity score matching: application to type 2 diabetes

Park C, Jiang N, Park T

The achievements of genome-wide association studies have suggested ways to predict diseases, such as type 2 diabetes (T2D), using single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Most T2D risk prediction models have used SNPs...
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DNA methylation: a cause and consequence of type 2 diabetes

Kim M

DNA methylation is a relatively stable epigenetic modification that can regulate and stabilize gene expression patterns and hence establish cell identity. Because metabolic intermediates are key factors of DNA methylation...
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Colonization Prevalence and Risk Factor Analysis of Carbapenem-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in an Intensive Care Unit without Outbreaks

Kim YA, Park YS, Lee SS, Son YJ, Yeon JH, Seo YH, Lee K

BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii is a well-known etiologic agent of a variety of nosocomial infections; the resistance rate to imipenem is surprisingly high in Korea. The colonization of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii...
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Antidepressants in Spine Surgery: A Systematic Review to Determine Benefits and Risks

Bayoumi AB, Ikizgul O, Karaali CN, Bozkurt S, Konya D, Toktas ZO

Antidepressant drugs can be advantageous in treating psychiatric and non-psychiatric illnesses, including spinal disorders. However, spine surgeons remain unfamiliar with the advantages and disadvantages of the use of antidepressant drugs...
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Changes in Sagittal Alignment Following Short-Level Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Comparison between Posterior and Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusions

Nakashima , Kanemura T, Satake K, Ishikawa Y, Ouchida J, Segi N, Yamaguchi , Imagama S

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. PURPOSE: We aimed to compare radiologic outcomes between posterior (PLIF) and lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) in short-level spinal fusion surgeries. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Although LLIF enables...
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Impact of Cytomegalovirus Disease on New-Onset Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Population-Based Matched Case-Control Cohort Study

Yoo SG, Han KD, Lee KH, La Y, Kwon DE, Han SH

BACKGROUND: A latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) cause chronic inflammation through undesirable inflation of cell-mediated immune response. CMV immunoglobulin G has been associated with cardiovascular disease and type 1 diabetes mellitus. We...
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Impact of Continuous Care on Health Outcomes and Cost for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Analysis Using National Health Insurance Cohort Database

Nam JH, Lee C, Kim N, Park KY, Ha J, Yun J, Shin DW, Shin E

BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to determine the impact of continuous care on health outcomes and cost of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Korea. METHODS: A nationwide retrospective,...
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Feasibility of No Prophylactic Antibiotics Use in Patients Undergoing Total Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy for Gastric Carcinoma: a Propensity Score-Matched Case-Control Study

Na Y, Kang JH, Jung MR, Ryu SY, Jeong O

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic surgery is associated with lower surgical site infection (SSI) rates due to minimal skin incision and non-exposure of visceral organs. Most previous studies have analyzed the efficacy of...
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Determination of Serum Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Levels in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Case Control Study

Torun YT, Güney E, Aral A, Büyüktaşkin D, Tunca H, Taner YI, İşeri E

OBJECTIVE: The effect of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on neuronal development is known, but its relationship with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a neurodevelopmental disorder, has not yet been...
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Tobacco Smoking and Alcohol Consumption Are Related to Benign Parotid Tumor: A Nested Case-Control Study Using a National Health Screening Cohort

Kim SY, Min C, Oh DJ, Choi HG

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship among smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity and benign or malignant parotid tumors in a Korean population. METHODS: The Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort (for...
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Association of serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and thrombospondin-1 to body mass index in polycystic ovary syndrome: a case-control study

Tahergorabi Z, Salmani F, Jonaidabad SH, Behdani B, Yazdi P, Zardast M, Moodi M

PURPOSE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a gynecological endocrine disorder that is characterized by disturbances in ovarian blood flow and angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine the...
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Burden of Psychiatric Disorders among Pediatric and Young Adults with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Population-Based Analysis

Thavamani , Umapathi K, Khatana J, Gulati R

PURPOSE: There is increasing prevalence of psychiatric disorders among inflammatory bowel Disease (IBD) population. Further, presence of psychiatric disorders has been shown as an independent predictor of quality of life...
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Association Between Organic Dust Exposure and Adult-Asthma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Case-Control Studies

Zhang Y, Ye B, Zheng H, Zhang W, Han L, Yuan P, Zhang C

BACKGROUND: Exposure to organic dust has been widely investigated as a potential risk factor for asthma with different results. To clarify a potential relationship, we performed the present meta-analysis to...
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Screening for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus by Measuring Glycated Hemoglobin Can Reduce the Use of the Glucose Challenge Test

Maesa JM, Fernandez-Riejos P, Gonzalez-Rodriguez C, Sanchez-Margalet V

BACKGROUND: Physiological changes during pregnancy, such as dilutional anemia and a reduced half-life of red blood cells, have prevented the use of glycated Hb (HbA1c) as a biomarker for gestational...
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