J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2006 Apr;44(2):157-164.

Fracture strength of zirconia monolithic crowns

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Korea. ideamemo@pusan.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the fracture strength of the zirconia monolithic all-ceramic crowns according to the thickness(0.5 mm, 0.8 mm, 1.1 mm) and IPS Empress II ceramic crown of 1.5 mm thickness. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Eight crowns for each of 3 zirconia crown groups were fabricated using CAD/CAM system(Kavo, Germany) and eight Empress II crowns were made from silicone mold and wax pattern. Each crown group was finished in accordance with the specific manufacturer's instruction. All crowns were luted to the metal dies using resin cement and mounted on the testing jig in a universal testing machine. The load was directed at the center of crown with perpendicular to the long axis of each specimen until catastrophic failure occurred. Analysis of variance and Tukey multiple comparison test(p<.05) were applied to the data.
RESULTS
AND CONCLUSION: 1. The fracture strength of the zirconia monolithic all-ceramic crown was higher thickness increased(p<.05). 2. The fracture strength of 1.1 mm thickness zirconia monolithic all-ceramic crown was higher than the fracture strength of 1.5 mm thickness IPS Empress II crown(p<.05). 3. The fracture strength of 0.5 mm thickness zirconia monolithic all-ceramic crown exceeded maximum occlusal forces.

Keyword

Zirconia; Monolithic; All ceramic crown; Fracture strength; Thickness

MeSH Terms

Axis, Cervical Vertebra
Bite Force
Ceramics
Crowns*
Fungi
Resin Cements
Silicones
Ceramics
Resin Cements
Silicones
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