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Culture-Positive Spontaneous Ascitic Infection in Patients with Acute Decompensated Cirrhosis: Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens and Antibiotic Strategies

Liu J, Gao Y, Wang X, Qian Z, Chen J, Huang Y, Meng Z, Lu X, Deng G, Liu F, Zhang Z, Li H, Zheng X

PURPOSE: This study investigated multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens and antibiotic strategies of culture-positive spontaneous ascitic infection (SAI) in patients with acute decompensated cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 432 acute decompensated...
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MR Findings of Fungus Ball: Significance of High Signal Intensity on T1-Weighted Images

Kim SC, Ryoo I, Shin JM, Suh S, Jung HN, Shin SU

BACKGROUND: Central dark-signal intensity with high-signal, hypertrophic mucosal wall of paranasal sinuses on T2-weighted images (T2WI) is a characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) feature of sinonasal fungus ball. However, this...
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Bioactive Compound Produced by Endophytic Fungi Isolated From Pelargonium sidoides Against Selected Bacteria of Clinical Importance

Manganyi M, Tchatchouang CDK, Regnier T, Bezuidenhout CC, Ateba CN

Endophytic fungi have the ability to live inside the host plant tissues without causing neither symptoms of diseases/or harm. Opportunistic infections are accountable for majority of the outbreaks, thereby putting...
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Antifungal Activities of Streptomyces blastmyceticus Strain 12-6 Against Plant Pathogenic Fungi

Kim YJ, Kim JH, Rho JY

Streptomyces blastmyceticus strain 12-6 was isolated from a forest soil sample of Cheonan area on the basis of strong antifungal activities against plant pathogenic fungi. Butanol extracts of the cultural...
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Fungal Melanonychia Caused by Cladosporium Species: A Case Report

Yoon JH, An MK, Park EJ, Kim KH, Kim KJ

Fungal melanonychia is typically associated with onychomycosis and is known to be a relatively uncommon nail disorder. The known pathogens causing fungal melanonychia include both dematiaceous and non-dematiaceous fungi. Here...
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Epidemiological and Mycological Characteristics of Teenagers with Tinea Capitis in Southeastern Korea: Trichophyton tonsurans as the Main Causative Fungus in Recent 10 Years

Sohng C, Kim JY, Park KD, Jang YH, Lee SJ, Bang YJ, Jun JB, Lee WJ

BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis is a contagious fungal infection that occurs predominantly in childhood. Although its incidence has declined, its epidemiological and mycological characteristics are continue to evolve. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes...
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Efficient Utilization of Korean Medical Fungal Pathogen Resource Bank for Clinical Research

Kim J, Oh J, Sung GH, Lee H, Choi JS, Lee S, Kim M, Choi SY

A “pathogen resource” contains information about pathogens (e.g., bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoa) and microbial derivatives (e.g., DNA, RNA, plasmid, clone, and cDNA). Pathogen resources are important for their potential...
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A Case of Nasal Septal and Oral Cavity Abscesses Resulting from Mucormycosis in an Immunocompromised Patient

Sung HK, Kang JC, Wee JH

Mucormycosis is a rare invasive and highly aggressive fungal infection, which shows rapid progression with life threatening complications in immunocompromised patients. Therefore, it is important to quickly recognize fungal infection...
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Xylaroisopimaranin A, a New Isopimarane Derivative from an Endophytic Fungus Xylaralyce sp.

Bao SS, Liu HH, Zhang XQ, Liu CX, Li XC, Guo ZY

Five secondary metabolites, including a new isopimarane derivative xylaroisopimaranin A (1), were isolated from the endophytic fungus Xylaralyce sp. (HM-1), and their structures were elucidated by 1D, 2D NMR, MS...
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Are there differences in risk factors, microbial aspects, and prognosis of cellulitis between compensated and decompensated hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis?

Hassan EA, Rehim AS, Abdel-Malek MO, Ahmed AO, Abbas NM

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cellulitis is a common infection in patients with liver cirrhosis. We aimed to compare risk factors, microbial aspects, and outcomes of cellulitis in compensated and decompensated hepatitis C virus...
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Clinical Characteristics of Disability in Patients with Indoor Air–Related Environmental Intolerance

Vuokko A, Karvala K, Suojalehto H, Lindholm H, Selinheimo S, Heinonen-Guzejev M, Leppämäki S, Cederström S, Hublin C, Tuisku K, Sainio M

BACKGROUND: Chronic nonspecific symptoms attributed to indoor nonindustrial work environments are common and may cause disability, but the medical nature of this disability is unclear. The aim was to medically...
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Three-dimensional evaluation of alveolar changes induced by nasoalveolar molding in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate: A case-control study

Burgaz MA, Cakan DG, Yılmaz RB

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate linear and volumetric alveolar changes induced by nasoalveolar molding (NAM) in infants with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and...
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Clinical usefulness of fixation of absorbable implants with cyanoacrylate in comminuted fractures of the maxilla

Ju GS, Son KM, Choi WY, Cheon JS

BACKGROUND: The open reduction of craniofacial bone fractures requires internal fixation using metal plates and screws, which have been considered the gold standard. However, metal implants pose a risk of...
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Effect of surface treatments on the bond strength of indirect resin composite to resin matrix ceramics

Çelik E, Şahin SC, Dede DO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) of an indirect resin composite (IRC) to the various resin matrix ceramic (RMC) blocks using different...
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A Case of Fingernail Onychomycosis Caused by Fusarium proliferatum

Hong EH, Jang YJ, Cho EB, Park EJ, Kim KJ, Kim KH

Onychomycosis is a fungal nail infection caused mainly by dermatophytes. Non-dermatophytes such as yeasts, Acremonium, Aspergillus, and Fusarium species account for only 10% of onychomycosis, and Fusarium species are relatively...
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A Case of Deep Cutaneous Purpureocillium lilacinum Fungal Infection in an Immunocompetent Patient

Kim H, Cho GJ, Kim JU, Jin WJ, Park SH, Moon SH, Seol JE, Shin JH

Purpureocillium is a genus of saprophytic fungi that is commonly found in soil or rotting material. Although rarely a pathogen in humans, it can cause serious infections in immunocompromized patients....
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Molecular Identification of Human Sporotrichosis in Korea

Kim HR, Shin DH, Lee JB, Choi JS

BACKGROUND: Sporotrichosis is a common deep mycosis caused by the Sporothrix schenckii complex. Until 2016, no molecular studies had been conducted on these fungi, and all the included strains were...
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Fungal Genomics in Dermatology

Lee YB, Lee SY, Seo JM, Kang MJ, Yu DS

To date, hundreds of fungal genomes have been sequenced, and many more are underway. Recently developed cutting-edge techniques generate very large amounts of data, and the field of fungal genomics...
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Antifungal Mechanism of Action of Lauryl Betaine Against Skin-Associated Fungus Malassezia restricta

Do E, Lee HG, Park M, Cho YJ, Kim DH, Park SH, Eun D, Park T, An S, Jung WH

Betaine derivatives are considered major ingredients of shampoos and are commonly used as antistatic and viscosity-increasing agents. Several studies have also suggested that betaine derivatives can be used as antimicrobial...
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Isolation, Identification and Enzymatic Activity of Halotolerant and Halophilic Fungi from the Great Sebkha of Oran in Northwestern of Algeria

Chamekh R, Deniel F, Donot C, Jany JL, Nodet P, Belabid L

The Great Sebkha of Oran is a closed depression located in northwestern of Algeria. Despite the ranking of this sebkha among the wetlands of global importance by Ramsar Convention in...
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