J Korean Assoc Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2013 Sep;35(5):284-293.

Effect of 4-hexylresorcinol on Blood Coagulation and Healing of Injured Vessel in a Rat Model

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Korea. jf1225@kangnung.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
For reconstruction of craniomaxillofacial defects caused by tumor, trauma, infection etc, free flap transplantation with microvascular surgery is a very useful method. Thrombus formation at the anastomosis site is the major cause of graft failure. 4-Hexylresorcinol (4-HR) is generally known as an antiseptic and antiparasitic agent. This study was conducted in order to evaluate the effect of 4-HR on blood coagulation in vitro. In addition, we investigated thrombus formation and endothelial repair of an injured vessel in an animal model.
METHODS
In the in vitro experiment, we compared blood coagulation time between the 4-HR treated group and normal blood. Thirty rats were used for in vivo animal experiments. After exposure of the right femoral vein, a micro vessel clamp was placed and the femoral vein was intentionally cut. Microvascular anastomosis was performed on all rats using 10-0 nylon under microscopy. The animals were divided into two groups. In the experimental group (n=15), 4-HR (250 mg/kg) mixed with olive oil (10 mL/kg) was administered per os daily. Animals in the control group (n=15) were given olive oil only. The animals were sacrificed at three days, seven days, and fourteen days after surgery and rat femoral vein samples were taken. Vascular patency and thrombus formation were investigated just before sacrifice. Histologic analysis was performed under a microscope.
RESULTS
Results of an in vitro blood coagulation test showed that coagulation time was delayed in the 4-HR treated group. The results obtained from an in vivo 4-HR administered rat model showed that the patency of all experimental groups was better at thirty minutes, seven days, and fourteen days after microvascular anastomosis than that of the control group at seven and fourteen days after anastomosis, and the amount of thrombus in the experimental groups was much less than that of the control group. Endothelial repair was observed in the histologic analysis.
CONCLUSION
Findings of this study demonstrated that blood coagulation was delayed in the vitro 4-HR treated group. In addition, good vascular patency, anti-thrombotic effect, and repair of venous endothelial cells were observed in the vivo 4-HR administered rat group.

Keyword

4-hexylresorcinol; Femoral vein; Microvascular anastomosis; Thrombosis; Endothelial cells

MeSH Terms

Animal Experimentation
Animals
Blood Coagulation
Blood Coagulation Tests
Endothelial Cells
Femoral Vein
Free Tissue Flaps
Glycosaminoglycans
Hexylresorcinol
Intention
Microscopy
Nylons
Olea
Olive Oil
Plant Oils
Rats
Thrombosis
Transplants
Vascular Patency
Glycosaminoglycans
Hexylresorcinol
Nylons
Plant Oils
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