J Korean Neurol Assoc.  2010 Aug;28(3):192-202.

Predictive Factors of Neurologic Outcome in Patients With Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy After Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine and Ewha Medical Research Institute, Seoul, Korea. leeh@ewha.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can lead to various neurologic outcomes in patients with hypoxicischemic encephalopathy (HIE). This study investigated the usefulness of clinical markers and electroencephalography (EEG) in predicting the neurologic prognosis of HIE after CPR.
METHODS
We reviewed the clinical findings of 51 patients with HIE, including the medical history, the duration from the onset of symptoms to the recovery of spontaneous circulation, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and Full Outline of Unresponsiveness (FOUR) scores, and presence of seizure or status epilepticus. Patients were divided into three outcomes groups: death, persistent vegetative state, and recovering alertness and awareness. Digital EEG and visual and quantitative analyses were performed in each patient. For quantitative EEG (qEEG) analysis, we defined and compared the distance in the spatial band-power patterns and phase coherence patterns between healthy normal subjects and each patient.
RESULTS
Patients with HIE showed a high mortality rate (54.9%, 28/51), and their neurologic prognosis was significantly related to the initial GCS and FOUR scores. In the qEEG analysis, patients' groups showed a prominent delta frequency band, and the healthy normal group presented a marked alpha predominance. As the severity decreased, the similarity in the spatial band-power pattern and functional connectivity pattern between normal subjects and patients increased.
CONCLUSIONS
Low initial GCS and FOUR scores could be predictive of a poor neurologic prognosis in patients with HIE, and qEEG analysis might be a useful predictor of their neurologic outcomes.

Keyword

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy; Glasgow Coma Scale; Full Outline of Unresponsiveness score; electroencephalogram

MeSH Terms

Biomarkers
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Electroencephalography
Glasgow Coma Scale
Humans
Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain
Persistent Vegetative State
Prognosis
Seizures
Status Epilepticus
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