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Contribution of pupillary light reflex assessment to Glasgow Coma Scale for prognostication in patients with traumatic brain injury

Butt AA, Atem FD, Stutzman SE, Aiyagari V, Venkatachalam AM, Olson DM, Yokobori S

Background: Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the pupillary light reflex (PLR) are important prognostic tools for traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study compared the predictability of GCS, GCS plus manual...
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Clinical predicting factors that can distinguish superficial and deep injuries in penetrating neck injury?

Jung WH, Choi KH, Oh YM, Choi SM, Oh JS, Park JT, Lee DH, Kim KW, Hong S, Jeong HH

  • KMID: 2524950
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2021 Dec;32(6):525-530.
Objective: The frequency of penetrating neck injuries has gradually increased with the development of industry and the rising crime rates. There have been few studies with penetrating neck injuries reported...
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Effects of a Multimodal Sensory Stimulation Intervention on Glasgow Coma Scale Scores in Stroke Patients with Unconsciousness

Ekan F, Siti F, Yusup D, Listyana Natalia R, Paulinus Deny K, S

Purpose: This study investigated how multimodal sensory stimulation affected Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores in stroke patients with decreased consciousness at Dr. Moewardi Hospital in Surakarta, Indonesia. Methods: We employed...
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Alcohol Intoxication and Glasgow Coma Scale Scores in Patients with Head Trauma

Park J, Park T, Ko JI, Yeo W

Purpose Alcohol intoxication is commonly associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI), but the influence of alcohol on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score remains unclear. This study investigates the effects of...
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Effects of Trauma Center Establishment on the Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury : A Retrospective Analysis from a Single Trauma Center in Korea

Kim JS, Jeong SW, Ahn HJ, Hwang HJ, Kyoung KH, Kwon SC, Kim MS

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of trauma center establishment on the clinical characteristics and outcomes of trauma patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We enrolled 322 patients with severe trauma...
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Clinical Feature and Outcomes of Secondary Hydrocephalus Caused by Head Trauma

Yoon JE, Lee CY, Sin EG, Song J, Kim HW

OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) is a frequent and serious complication following brain injury. The incidence of PTH varies greatly among studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the...
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Availability of the Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter Measured by Using Brain CT in Intracranial Hemorrhage

Yu JK, Kim YW, Kang JH, Yoon YS

PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the applicability of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD), as measured by a brain CT, in intracranial hemorrhage patients. We assumed that ONSD can...
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Factors about Failure after High Flow Oxygen through Nasal Cannula Therapy in Hypoxic Respiratory Failure Patients at Emergency Department Presentation

Kim HJ, Lee DW, Lee JW, Moon HJ, Choi JH, Joeng DK, Song JH

PURPOSE: High-flow oxygen through a nasal cannula may offer an alternative therapy to patients with respiratory failure. However, a recent study has shown that the success rate of high-flow oxygen...
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Clinical Outcome of Acute Epidural Hematoma in Korea: Preliminary Report of 285 Cases Registered in the Korean Trauma Data Bank System

Jeong YH, Oh JW, Cho S, the Korean Trauma Data Bank System Committee

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this preliminary collaborative study was to assess the clinical characteristics, management, and outcome of epidural hematoma (EDH) based on the data collected and registered in the...
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Comparison Prehospital RTS (Revised trauma score) with Hospital RTS in Trauma Severity Assessment

Lee SY, Cheon YJ, Han C

PURPOSE: Assessment of the trauma severity associated with the prognosis of trauma patients. But we are having a lot of difficulties in assess the severity because of scarcity of current...
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Value of Repeat Brain Computed Tomography in Children with Traumatic Brain Injury

Jo HJ, Lim YS, Kim JJ, Cho JS, Hyun SY, Yang HJ, Lee G

PURPOSE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most common cause of pediatric trauma patients came to the emergency department. Without guidelines, many of these children underwent repeat brain computed tomography...
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Management and Outcome of Spontaneous Cerebellar Hemorrhage

Han J, Lee HK, Cho TG, Moon JG, Kim CH

OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage (SCH) is less common than supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage. This study investigated the treatment of SCH and the relation between its clinical and radiological manifestation and outcome. MATERIALS...
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Radiologic Determination of Corpus Callosum Injury in Patients with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Associated Clinical Characteristics

Kim DS, Choi HJ, Yang JS, Cho YJ, Kang SH

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of corpus callosum injury (CCI) in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) using brain MRI. We also performed a review of the clinical characteristics...
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Is Routine Repeated Head CT Necessary for All Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury?

Kim WH, Lim DJ, Kim SH, Ha SK, Choi JI, Kim SD

OBJECTIVE: Repeated computed tomography (CT) follow up for traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients is often performed. But there is debate the indication for repeated CT scans, especially in pediatric patients....
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Risk factors for mortality of severe trauma based on 3 years' data at a single Korean institution

Sim J, Lee J, Lee JC, Heo Y, Wang H, Jung K

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the mortality rate in patients with severe trauma and the risk factors for trauma mortality based on 3 years' data in a regional trauma...
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Stereotactic Hematoma Removal of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage through Parietal Approach

Kim JH, Cho TG, Moon JG, Kim CH, Lee HK

OBJECTIVE: To determine the advantages of parietal approach compared to Kocher's point approach for spontaneous, oval-shaped intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) with expansion to the parietal region. METHODS: We divided patients into two...
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Risk Factors Associated with Poor Outcomes in Patients with Brain Abscesses

Ko SJ, Park KJ, Park DH, Kang SH, Park JY, Chung YG

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes, and prognostic factors in patients with brain abscesses treated in a single institute during a recent...
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Outcomes of Ultra-Early Decompressive Craniectomy after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury-Treatment Outcomes after Severe TBI

Park JH, Park JE, Kim SH, Lim YC, You NK, Ahn YH, Choi HY, Cho JM

OBJECTIVE: The beneficial effect of decompressive craniectomy in the treatment of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is controversial, but there is no debate that decompression should be performed before irreversible...
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Cerebral Infarction after Traumatic Brain Injury: Incidence and Risk Factors

Bae DH, Choi KS, Yi HJ, Chun HJ, Ko Y, Bak KH

OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic cerebral infarction (PTCI) is one of the most severe secondary insults after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and is known to be associated with poor outcome and high mortality...
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Clinical Outcomes of Patients with Good Neurological Scores in Spite of Significant Amounts of Acute Subdural Hematoma

Kang HJ, Lee YS, Suh SJ, Lee JH, Ryu KY, Kang DG

OBJECTIVE: Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) with good initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score 13-15 is generally regarded as a mild head injury. However, the risk increases when significant amount of...
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