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Spatiotemporal expression of RCAN1 and its isoform RCAN1-4 in the mouse hippocampus after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus

Cho KO, Jeong KH, Cha JH, Kim SY

Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) can be induced by an intracellular calcium increase and oxidative stress, which are characteristic features of temporal lobe epilepsy. Thus, we investigated the spatiotemporal expression...
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Refractory Nonconvulsive Status Epilepticus with Favorable Outcome in a Patient with Marchiafava-Bignami Disease

Kim R, Cho HJ, Lee HW, Jun JS

No abstract available.
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Increased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-C and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus in mice

Cho KO, Kim JY, Jeong KH, Lee MY, Kim SY

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C and its receptor, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-3, are responsible for lymphangiogenesis in both embryos and adults. In epilepsy, the expression of VEGF-C and...
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Status epilepticus due to cerebral air embolism after the Valsalva maneuver

Lyou HJ, Lee HJ, Lee GY, Kim WJ

BACKGROUND: Cerebral air embolism is uncommon but potentially causes catastrophic events such as cardiac damage or even death. However, due to a low overall incidence, it may go undiagnosed. CASE REPORT:...
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Generalized periodic discharges with triphasic morphology

Hartshorn , Foreman B

Generalized periodic discharges (GPDs) with triphasic morphology are an electroencephalographic (EEG) pattern traditionally associated with encephalopathy and coma, although they have been observed in a wide array of neurological disorders....
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Advances in Ketogenic Diet Therapies in Pediatric Epilepsy

Enkhtuy B, Kwon HE, Kim HD

Ketogenic diets are high in fat, low in carbohydrates, and contain an adequate amount of protein. In addition to the classic ketogenic diet, three alternative types of ketogenic diet therapies...
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Cefepime-induced neurotoxicity

Lee SJ

Cefepime, a widely used fourth-generation cephalosporin, has been reported to cause neurotoxicity because it crosses the blood-brain barrier. Although cefepime-induced neurotoxicity (CIN) occurs in patients with renal dysfunction administered a...
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Cerebral Microbleed Induced Seizure Misdiagnosed with Transient Ischemic Attack

Hong JY, Kim Y, Kim YD, Na SJ, Yim SH

Diagnosis of transient ischemic attack has been entirely dependent on the clinical history due to the absence of brain magnetic resonance imaging lesion. It is challenging to distinguish between transient...
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Status Epilepticus in a Patient with Extrapontine Myelinolysis

Jang K, Woo N, Lee H, Kim D, Lyou HJ, Han HJ, Kim GS

Extrapontine myelinolysis is a demyelinating disorder usually caused by rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia. We present an 82-year-old female patient with general weakness, and severe hyponatremia (103 mEq/L) which was...
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Encephalitis with Anti-SOX1 Antibodies Presenting with New-Onset Refractory Status Epilepticus

Cho HJ, Kim R, Lee HW, Jun JS

No abstract available.
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Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Injectable Levetiracetam Versus Phenytoin as Second-Line Therapy in the Management of Generalized Convulsive Status Epilepticus in Children: An Open-Label Randomized Controlled Trial

Noureen N, Khan S, Khursheed , Iqbal I, Maryam M, Sharib SM, Maheshwary N

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is sparsity of quality evidence for the use of drugs after first-line benzodiazepines in convulsive status epilepticus in children. The aim of the study was to...
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A Case of a Child with Seizure caused by Organophosphate Poisoning

Jang JH, Lee Y, Lee JH, Oh JH, Kim JH, Yoo IH

Seizure is a temporary symptom or sign which is caused by an abnormal electrical stimulation of brain. Depending on whether a seizure has preceding factors or not, it can be...
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Cefepime-induced nonconvulsive status epilepticus in a hemodialysis patient

Lee YJ, Park BS, Park KM, Kim IH, Park JH, Park SH, Kim YW

Nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is an unusual complication in patients treated with cefepime. An 82-year-old woman on maintenance hemodialysis was given cefepime for pneumonia. Her level of consciousness decreased since...
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Transient Abnormalities on Magnetic Resonance Imaging after Absence Seizures

Yoo HW, Yoon L, Kim HY, Kwak MJ, Park KH, Bae MH, Lee Y, Nam SO, Kim YM

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is recommended for patients with epileptic seizures to rule out an underlying focal lesion. However, abnormalities in idiopathic generalized epilepsy, including childhood absence epilepsy, cannot usually...
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EEG can Predict Neurologic Outcome in Children Resuscitated from Cardiac Arrest

Yang DH, Ha SG, Kim HJ

PURPOSE: Early prediction of prognosis of children resuscitated from cardiac arrest is a major challenge. We investigated the utility of electroencephalography (EEG) and laboratory studies for predicting of neurologic outcome...
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Convulsions with Noroviral Gastroenteritis in Children at a Single Center in Korea

Kang S, Lee HJ, Kim SH

PURPOSE: Viral gastroenteritis is a common disease in infants and children. Seizures can be associated with viral gastroenteritis as benign convulsions with mild gastroenteritis (CwG). After the development of the...
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Consciousness Recovery by Rituximab after Seizure Control in Cryptogenic New-Onset Refractory Status Epilepticus

Yang TW, Jo JW, Kim DH, Kim YS, Kwon OY

BACKGROUND: New-onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE) occurs in people without a history of seizures. In these cases, the seizure causes are unclear, and the seizures are not controlled by standard...
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Antiepileptic and anti-neuroinflammatory effects of red ginseng in an intrahippocampal kainic acid model of temporal lobe epilepsy demonstrated by electroencephalography

Kim JY, Kim JH, Lee HJ, Kim SH, Jung YJ, Lee HY, Kim HJ, Kim SY

BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation can lower the seizure threshold and have influence on epileptogenesis. The components of red ginseng (RG) have anti-inflammatory effects. The abundance of peripherally derived immune cells in...
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A case of resistant tachycardia in a child with febrile status epilepticus

Nakajima S, Nomura O, Takei H, Hagiwara Y, Sumitomo N

No abstract available.
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The Imaging of Localization Related Symptomatic Epilepsies: The Value of Arterial Spin Labelling Based Magnetic Resonance Perfusion

Nagesh C, Kumar S, Menon R, Thomas B, Radhakrishnan A, Kesavadas

Accurate identification of the epileptogenic zone is an important prerequisite in presurgical evaluation of refractory epilepsy since it affects seizure-free outcomes. Apart from structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI), delineation has...
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