Immune Netw.  2015 Jun;15(3):125-134. 10.4110/in.2015.15.3.125.

Attenuation of Hepatic Graft-versus-host Disease in Allogeneic Recipients of MyD88-deficient Donor Bone Marrow

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 137-701, Korea. ckmin@catholic.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Pathology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 137-701, Korea.
  • 3Department of Biomedical Sciences, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110-799, Korea.

Abstract

Acute graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) is characterized by selective damage to the liver, the skin, and the gastrointestinal tract. Following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, donor bone marrow (BM) cells repopulate the immune system of the recipient. We previously demonstrated that the acute intestinal GVHD (iGVHD) mortality rate was higher in MyD88-deficient BM recipients than that in the control BM recipients. In the present study, the role of MyD88 (expressed by donor BM) in the pathophysiology of hepatic GVHD (hGVHD) was examined. Unlike iGVHD, transplantation with MyD88-deficient T-cell depleted (TCD) BM attenuated hGVHD severity and was associated with low infiltration of T cells into the liver of the recipients. Moreover, GVHD hosts, transplanted with MyD88-deficient TCD BM, exhibited markedly reduced expansion of CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) in the liver. Adoptive injection of the MDSC from wild type mice, but not MyD88-deficient mice, enhanced hepatic T cell infiltration in the MyD88-deficient TCD BM recipients. Pre-treatment of BM donors with LPS increased MDSC levels in the liver of allogeneic wild type BM recipients. In conclusion, hGVHD and iGVHD may occur through various mechanisms based on the presence of MyD88 in the non-T cell compartment of the allograft.

Keyword

Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88); Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC); Hepatic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD); Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

MeSH Terms

Allografts
Animals
Bone Marrow*
Gastrointestinal Tract
Graft vs Host Disease*
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Immune System
Liver
Mice
Mortality
Skin
T-Lymphocytes
Tissue Donors*
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