Restor Dent Endod.  2015 May;40(2):128-135. 10.5395/rde.2015.40.2.128.

Effect of resin thickness on the microhardness and optical properties of bulk-fill resin composites

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea. jeongkil@pusan.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study evaluated the effects of the resin thickness on the microhardness and optical properties of bulk-fill resin composites.
METHODS
Four bulk-fill (Venus Bulk Fill, Heraeus Kulzer; SDR, Dentsply Caulk; Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill, Ivoclar vivadent; SonicFill, Kerr) and two regular resin composites (Charisma flow, Heraeus Kulzer; Tetric N-Ceram, Ivoclar vivadent) were used. Sixty acrylic cylindrical molds were prepared for each thickness (2, 3 and 4 mm). The molds were divided into six groups for resin composites. The microhardness was measured on the top and bottom surfaces, and the colors were measured using Commission Internationale d'Eclairage (CIE) L*a*b* system. Color differences according to the thickness and translucency parameters and the correlations between the microhardness and translucency parameter were analyzed. The microhardness and color differences were analyzed by ANOVA and Scheffe's post hoc test, and a student t-test, respectively. The level of significance was set to alpha = 0.05.
RESULTS
The microhardness decreased with increasing resin thickness. The bulk-fill resin composites showed a bottom/top hardness ratio of almost 80% or more in 4 mm thick specimens. The highest translucency parameter was observed in Venus Bulk Fill. All resin composites used in this study except for Venus Bulk Fill showed linear correlations between the microhardness and translucency parameter according to the thickness.
CONCLUSIONS
Within the limitations of this study, the bulk-fill resin composites used in this study can be placed and cured properly in the 4 mm bulk.

Keyword

Bulk-fill resin composite; Microhardness; Thickness; Translucency parameter

MeSH Terms

Fungi
Hardness
Humans
Venus
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