Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2011 Oct;54(10):667-674. 10.3342/kjorl-hns.2011.54.10.667.

Cartilage Tissue Engineering for Auricular Reconstruction

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. ojhent@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract

Auricular reconstruction still represents one of the greatest challenges for the ENT surgeon, due to its complex three-dimensional structure. For many years the most suitable substitute for the auricular skeleton has been the autologous costal cartilage although there are some drawbacks. Since the cartilage tissue has a limited capacity for self-renewal and self-repair, cartilage tissue engineering techniques might offer possibilities of restoring missing or damaged cartilage structures. This article reviews implant materials currently being used for auricular reconstruction and also provides a review of possible cell sources, types of scaffold materials and stimulating factors for tissue engineering of cartilage. The recent advances in surgical techniques and biotechnology may promise clinical application of tissue-engineered cartilage as an auricular skeleton in the future.

Keyword

Ear cartilage; Tissue engineering; Chondrocytes; Biomaterials

MeSH Terms

Biocompatible Materials
Biotechnology
Cartilage
Chondrocytes
Ear Cartilage
Skeleton
Tissue Engineering
Biocompatible Materials
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