J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2006 Oct;44(5):584-593.

Three dimensional finite element stress analysis of five different taper design implant systems

  • 1Department of Dentistry, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Korea.


STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Dental implant which has been developed gradually through many experiments and clinical applications is presently used to various dental prosthetic treatments. To conduct a successful function of implant prosthesis in oral cavity for a long time, it is important that not only structure materials must have the biocompatibility, but also the prosthesis must be designed for the stress, which is occurred in occlusion, to scatter adequately of load support. Therefore, it is essential to give the consideration about the stress analysis of supporting tissues for higher successful rates. PURPOSE: Recently, many implant manufacturing company produce various taper design of root form implant, the fixture is often selected. However, the stress analysis of taper form fixture still requires more studies. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This study we make the element models that five implant fixture; Branemark system(Nobel Biocare, Gothenberg, Sweden), Camlog system(Altatec, Germany), Astra system(Astra Tech, Sweden), 3i system(Implant Innovations Inc, USA), Avana system(Osstem, Korea)were placed in the area of mandibular first premolar and prosthesis fabricated, which we compared with stress distribution using the three-dimension finite element analysis under two loading condition.
This study compares the aspect of stress distribution of each system with the standard of Von mises stress, among many resulted from finite element analysis so that this research gets the following results. 1. In all implant system, oblique loading of maximum Von mises stress of implant, alveolar bone and crown is higher than vertical loading of those. 2. Regardless of loading conditions and type of system, cortical bone which contacts with implant fixture top area has high stress, and cancellous bone has a little stress. under the vertical loading, maximum Von mises stress is more higher in order of Branemark, Camlog, Astra, 3i, Avana. under the horizontal loading, maximum Von mises is more higher in order of Camlog, Branemark, Astra, 3i, Avana.


Implant prosthesis; Fixture shape; Taper form implant; Three-dimension finite element stress analysis; Von mises stress

MeSH Terms

Dental Implants
Finite Element Analysis
Prostheses and Implants
Dental Implants
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