J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2011 Jan;49(1):1-7. 10.4047/jkap.2011.49.1.1.

An experimental study of cutting efficiency of air-driven diamond burs on human tooth

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. jhoyang@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the cutting efficiency of coarse grit diamond burs with air-turbine handpiece on natural tooth.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Four groups of coarse grit diamond bur were selected: Komet (A), Shofu (B), Premier (C), and Mani (D). The extracted maxillary central incisors were used, and ten cuts were made on each specimen, using the rotary diamond burs. The surface of each bur was measured at the upper, middle, and bottom of the bur with confocal laser scanning microscope and imaged with SEM. The data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and t-test at the significance level of 0.05.
RESULTS
The surface roughness was measured. At the A diamond bur, the Sa values were 52.93 microm, 48.32 microm, 46.79 microm, 45.06 microm, and 43.43 microm for control, test 1, 2, 3, and 4 respectively. The Sa values were 50.68 microm, 45.62 microm, 44.41 microm, 44.10 microm, and 42.46 microm for B diamond bur, 58.02 microm, 55.53 microm, 52.22 microm, 48.26 microm, and 45.36 microm for C diamond bur, and 50.11 microm, 46.73 microm, 45.46 microm, 42.58 microm, and 41.80 microm for D diamond bur. Surface roughness after each bur use showed significant changes, but no significant difference was found in surface roughness change between bur systems.
CONCLUSIONS
Surface roughness in the same bur system showed significant differences after each tooth preparation. However no statistically significant differences were found in surface roughness between bur systems. The SEM images between control and test 4 showed the abraded particles.

Keyword

Diamond bur; Cutting efficiency; Confocal laser scanning microscope; SEM

MeSH Terms

Diamond
Humans
Incisor
Tooth
Tooth Preparation
Diamond
Full Text Links
  • JKAP
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error