J Korean Neurol Assoc.  2004 Jun;22(3):200-205.

Association between Migraine with Aura and both Homocysteine and MTHFR C677T Polymorphism

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, Pochon CHA University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.
  • 2Department of Neurology, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. bochoi@ewha.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The pathophysiology of migraine is not yet fully understood. Homocysteine acts as an excitatory amino acid in vivo and may influence the threshold of migraine. The previous studies have revealed strong association between the homozygous C677T mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene and hyperhomocysteinemia. In this study, we examined the association between both homocysteine and MTHFR C677T polymorphism and headache, such as migraine and tension headache. METHODS: We enrolled 148 headache patients (75 tension headache, 34 migraine with aura [MWA], and 39 migraine without aura [MOA]) and 121 normal controls; checked their fasting homocysteine levels and analyzed for the MTHFR C677T polymorphism. For the multivariate analysis, we used logistic regression to adjust for age and sex. RESULTS: Plasma homocysteine levels were significantly higher in patients with MWA than those in controls (adjusted odds ratio (AOR), 1.12; 95% confidence intervals (CI), 1.02~1.23). The AOR and 95% CI of the MTHFR 677TT genotype was significantly higher in patients with total migraine (AOR, 3.32; 95% CI, 1.30~9.55; p< 0.05) and with MWA (AOR, 4.70; 95% CI, 1.44~15.29; p<0.01) than the controls. However, the AOR was not significant in patients with tension headache (AOR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.37~2.32) and with MOA (AOR, 2.77; 95% CI, 0.78~9.74). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that both elevated homocysteine level and the homozygous C677T mutation in the MTHFR gene are associated with migraine with aura.

Keyword

Migraine; MTHFR; Gene; Homocysteine; Risk factors

MeSH Terms

Excitatory Amino Acids
Fasting
Genotype
Headache
Homocysteine*
Humans
Hyperhomocysteinemia
Logistic Models
Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)
Migraine Disorders*
Migraine with Aura*
Migraine without Aura
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Plasma
Risk Factors
Tension-Type Headache
Excitatory Amino Acids
Homocysteine
Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)
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