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Restoration of the adipogenic gene expression by naringenin and naringin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

Dayarathne LA, Ranaweera SS, Natraj P, Rajan P, Lee YJ, Han CH

Background: Naringenin and its glycoside naringin are well known citrus flavonoids with several therapeutic benefits. Although the anti-adipogenic effects of naringenin and naringin have been reported previously, the detailed mechanism...
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Molecular detection and genetic diversity of bovine papillomavirus in dairy cows in Xinjiang, China

Meng Q, Ning C, Wang L, Ren Y, Li J, Xiao C, Li Y, Li Z, He Z, Cai X, Qiao J

Background: Bovine papillomatosis is a type of proliferative tumor disease of skin and mucosae caused by bovine papillomavirus (BPV). As a transboundary and emerging disease in cattle, it poses a...
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Molecular characterization of Malaysian fowl adenovirus (FAdV) serotype 8b species E and pathogenicity of the virus in specificpathogen-free chicken

Sabarudin NS, Tan SW, Phang YF, Omar AR

Background: Inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) is an economically important viral disease primarily affecting broiler and breeder chickens. All 12 serotypes of fowl adenovirus (FAdV) can cause IBH. Objectives: To characterize FAdV...
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Salicylamide Enhances Melanin Synthesis in B16F1 Melanoma Cells

Ito Y, Sato K

Salicylamide, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), is used as an analgesic and antipyretic agent. We have previously shown that several NSAIDs have anti-melanogenic properties in B16F1 melanoma cells. In contrast,...
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Genetic Susceptibility of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 in Six Common Cancers and Possible Impacts on COVID-19

Hoang T, Nguyen TQ, Tran TTA

Purpose Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has spread worldwide rapidly and patients with cancer have been considered as a vulnerable group for this infection. This study aimed to examine the...
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Association among Body Mass Index, Genetic Variants of FTO, and Thyroid Cancer Risk: A Hospital-Based Case-Control Study of the Cancer Screenee Cohort in Korea

Hoang T, Song D, Lee J, Lee EK, Hwangbo Y, Kim J

Purpose Obesity has been determined to be associated with fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene and thyroid cancer risk. However, the effect of combined interactions between obesity and the FTO gene...
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Polymorphisms in TYMS for Prediction of Capecitabine-Induced Hand-Foot Syndrome in Chinese Patients with Colorectal Cancer

Dong SQ, Wang TM, Zhang JB, He YQ, Xue WQ, Wu ZY, Yang DW, Cao LJ, Huang JW, Li XZ, Zhang PF, Zheng XH, Jia WH

Purpose Capecitabine is an extensively used oral prodrug of 5-fluorouracil in treatment of colon cancer and is known to cause hand-foot syndrome (HFS). As the target enzyme for capecitabine, thymidylate...
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A Case of Idiopathic Renal Hypouricemia with SLC22A12 Gene Mutation Showing General Weakness and Incidental Renal Stone

Joung JW, Song YW, Kim JD, Cheon EJ

Idiopathic renal hypouricemia (iRHUC) is a rare hereditary disease caused by a defect in urate handling of renal tubules. Type 1 renal hypouricemia (RHUC1) is diagnosed with confirmation of a...
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A network-biology approach for identification of key genes and pathways involved in malignant peritoneal mesothelioma

Mahfuz AMUB, Zubair-Bin-Mahfuj AM, Podder DJ

Even in the current age of advanced medicine, the prognosis of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) remains abysmal. Molecular mechanisms responsible for the initiation and progression of MPM are still largely...
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A protein interactions map of multiple organ systems associated with COVID-19 disease

Bharne D

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an on-going pandemic disease infecting millions of people across the globe. Recent reports of reduction in antibody levels and the re-emergence of the disease in...
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Ciliogenesis is Not Directly Regulated by LRRK2 Kinase Activity in Neurons

Kim H, Sim H, Lee JE, Seo MK, Lim J, Bang Y, Nam D, Lee SY, Chung SK, Choi HJ, Park SW, Son I, Kim J, Seol W

  • KMID: 2517476
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2021 Jun;30(3):232-243.
  • doi: 10.5607/en21003
Mutations in the Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2 ) gene are the most prevalent cause of familial Parkinson’s disease (PD). The increase in LRRK2 kinase activity observed in the pathogenic...
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The first Korean case of a newborn with 3p26 microdeletion and 5q35 microduplication inherited from paternal balanced translocation

Jang JA, Sohn YB, Lee JH, Park MS

Genetic imbalances are a major cause of congenital and developmental abnormalities. We report the first case of a 3p26 microdeletion and 5q35.2q35.3 microduplication in a newborn with multiple congenital anomalies...
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Molecular characterization in chromosome 11p15.5 related imprinting disorders Beckwith–Wiedemann and Silver–Russell syndromes

Shin YL

Epigenetics deals with modifications in gene expression, without altering the underlying DNA sequence. Genomic imprinting is a complex epigenetic phenomenon that refers to parent-of-origin-specific gene expression. Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) and...
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Taenia saginata Infection Misdiagnosed as Acute Cholecystitis in a Tibetan Patient, in China

Han XM, Zhang XY, Jian YN, Tian QS

The present study reports a rare case of Taenia saginata infection, which was initially diagnosed as acute cholecystitis in a Tibetan patient at the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau pastoral area, China. A...
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Update on Genetic Study of Vestibular Disorder

Choi JH

The wide availability of next-generation sequencing has enabled a rapid progress in the discovery of genetic variants associated with many disorders. However, the contribution of genetic factors in vestibular disorders...
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Genetic and clinical characteristics of pediatric patients with familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis

Ahmari AA, Alsmadi O, Sheereen A, Elamin T, Jabr A, El-Baik L, Alhissi S, Saud BA, Al-Awwami M, Fawaz IA, Ayas M, Siddiqui K, Hawwari A

Background Our study was designed to investigate the frequencies and distributions of familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) associated genes in Saudi patients. Methods FHL associated gene screening was performed on 87 Saudi patients who...
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A Korean Case of Neonatal Nemaline Myopathy Carrying KLHL40 Mutations Diagnosed Using Next Generation Sequencing

Suh Ya, Sohn YB, Park MS, Lee JH

Nemaline myopathy is a genetically heterogeneous neuromuscular disorder and one of the most common congenital myopathies. The clinical manifestations usually vary depending on the age of onset. Neonatal nemaline myopathy...
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Dystonia Responsive to Dopamine: POLG Mutations Should Be Considered If Sensory Neuropathy Is Present

Qiu J, Kumar KR, Watson E, Ahmad K, Sue CM, Hayes MW

The POLG gene encodes mitochondrial DNA polymerase, and mutations in this gene cause a spectrum of disorders related to mitochondrial DNA depletion or deletion. Dystonia has only rarely been reported...
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Prognostic role of ALK-1 and h-TERT expression in glioblastoma multiforme: correlation with ALK gene alterations

Elsers D, Temerik DF, Attia AM, Hadia A, Hussien MT

Background: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is a receptor tyrosine kinase that is expressed in the developing central and peripheral nervous systems during embryogenesis. Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (h-TERT) protein resumption...
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Multicenter Targeted Population Screening of Late Onset Pompe Disease in Unspecified Myopathy Patients in Korea

Lee JH, Shin JH, Kim DS, Kim KK, Kim BJ, Seok JM, Sung JJ, Nam TS, Park YE, Park JS, Kim SZ, Choi YC

Background: Pompe disease is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by the deficiency of a lysosomal enzyme, acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). Early diagnosis and initiation of treatment with enzyme replacement therapy...
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