Hanyang Med Rev.  2006 Nov;26(4):44-51.

Histopathology of Dermatomycoses

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. bkcho@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract

Dermatomycoses are defined as the fungal infections of the skin including hair and nail. Generally, dermatomycoses are divided into superficial mycoses involving hair, nail and horny layer of the epidermis, and deep mycoses involving dermis and subcutis. Superficial mycoses described herein are dermatophytosis, candidiasis and Malassezia infection. Histopathologic findings of onychomycosis were a little more focused because of recently increased interest of its usefulness in making the diagnosis of onychomycosis and its causative fungi. Deep mycoses of the skin include primary or secondary dermal and/or subcutaneous fungal infections. Deep mycoses reported only in Korea were briefly described herein. Those are sporotrichosis, the most common primary cutaneous deep mycosis in Korea, and rare deep mycoses including chromoblastomycosis, phaeohyphomycosis, mycetoma, cutaneous paecillomycosis, aspergillosis, cryptococcosis, mucormycosis, systemic candidiasis, fusariomysosis, and trichophytic granuloma. Cutaneous protothecosis, a disease by achlorophilic algae, was also included because of its similarity of clinical and pathological findings with deep mycoses.

Keyword

Histopathology; Dermatomycoses; Superfical mycoses; Deep mycoses; Onychomycosis
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