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Disseminated Cryptococcosis Incorrectly Managed: a Case Report

Maleb A, Hami A, Ben Lahlou Y, Lamrabat S, Rifai S, Rahmani N, Bensalah M, Frikh M, Lemnouer A, Elouennass M

Disseminated cryptococcosis is a rare fungal infection, which mainly occurs in immunocompromised patients, and the diagnosis is difficult. Therefore, it is less likely to be considered in immunocompetent patients. Here,...
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Surgery for Pulmonary Fungal Infections Complicating Hematological Malignancies

Yamamichi , Horio H, Asakawa A, Okui M, Harada M

BACKGROUND: The complication rate of fungal disease is higher among patients with hematological malignancies. We investigated the clinicobacteriological outcomes of resected pulmonary fungal infections complicating hematological malignancies. METHODS: Between 2001 and...
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Liquid-Based Cytology of the Cerebrospinal Fluid in a Case of Cryptococcal Meningitis

Choi J, Kim SH

Cryptococcus neoformans is the most common microorganism found in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology and causes life-threatening infections in immunocompromised hosts. Although its cytomorphologic features in conventional smear cytology have been...
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Successful desensitization to fluconazole induced delayed hypersensitivity: A case report

Heo YJ, Park SW, Lee KS, Kang HR, Kwon JW

Fluconazole is a triazole-based first-generation antifungal agent and has excellent effects on candidiasis and cryptococcosis. Hypersensitivity has been reported as a side effect of fluconazole. A 76-year-old female patient used...
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Cutaneous Cryptococcosis Caused by Intravenous Line in Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Ryu SM, Yoon DH, Chung KJ, Choi JH, Park SG

Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis is a fungal infection caused by Cryptococ cus neoformans which is frequently occurred in the immunosuppressed host. The treatment of primary cutaneous cryptococcosis is mainly fluconazole, and...
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A Case of Disseminated Infection with Skin Manifestation due to Non-neoformans and Non-gattii Cryptococcus in a Patient with Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Park SS, Lee H, Park WS, Hwang SH, Choi SI, Choi MH, Lee SW, Ko EJ, Choi YJ, Eom HS

Cryptococcus spp. other than Cryptococcus neoformans or Cryptococcus gattii were previously considered saprophytes and thought to be non-pathogenic to humans. However, opportunistic infections associated with non-neoformans and non-gattii species, such...
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Cryptococcus Species Infection in a Bone Marrow Transplant Patient and Review of the Literature

Kim YH, Park YM, Lee JY, Lee JH

Cryptococcosis is caused by several Cryptococcus species, including C. neoformans and C. gattii. Skin involvement is seen in 10~20% of systemic cryptococcosis. There are also rare cases of primary cutaneous...
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A Case of Pulmonary Cryptococcosis Mimicking Bronchogenic Lung Cancer in an Immunocompetent Patient: A Review of the Literature

Kim J, Lee JY, Oak CH, Jung MH, Jang TW

We experienced a 59-year-old immunocompetent female patient who complained progressive cough. A bronchoscopic examination revealed an endobronchial mass protruding from the left lower lobe and occluding anterior-basal segment bronchus. Bronchial...
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Symptomless Pulmonary Cryptococcosis in a Psoriatic Arthritis Patient during Infliximab Therapy

Yamada S, Kajihara I, Johno T, Fukushima , Jinnin M, Masunaga A, Kohrogi H, Ihn H

No abstract available.
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Massive Mediastinal Lymph Node Involvement of Cryptococcosis in Immunocompetent Host

Choi HS, Lee HW, Lee J, Kim MY, Yoo CG

Cryptococcosis is a systemic opportunistic infection mostly occurred in immunosuppressed patients. Pulmonary cryptococcosis in immunocompetent host is usually localized and self-limiting disease. Pulmonary nodule or mass is the most common...
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Cryptococcal Meningoencephalitis in a Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patient without Immunosuppressants

Bae SY, Kim JY, Oh HH, Choi SJ, Lee JH, Park M, Han SH

Cryptococcosis is an opportunistic infection that generally occurs in patients with cell-mediated immune dysfunction and involves the central nervous system. Infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in...
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Lumbar Cryptococcal Osteomyelitis Mimicking Metastatic Tumor

Joo HS, Ha JK, Hwang CJ, Lee DH, Lee CS, Cho JH

Cryptococcus is an encapsulated, yeast-like fungus that rarely causes infection in immunocompetent patients. We present the case report of a 66-year-old female patient with a history of rectal cancer with...
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A Case of Pulmonary Cryptococcosis in an Immunocompetent Male Patient Diagnosed by a Percutaneous Supraclavicular Lymph Node Biopsy

Sung JH, Kim DH, Oh MJ, Lee KJ, Bae YA, Kwon KW, Lee SM, Kang HJ, Choi J

Cryptococcal pneumonia usually occurs in immunocompromised patients with malignancy, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, organ transplantations, immunosuppressive chemotherapies, catheter insertion, or dialysis. It can be diagnosed by gaining tissues in lung...
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A Case of Disseminated Cryptococcosis Mimicking Lung Cancer and Prostate Cancer in an Immunocompetent Patient: A Review of the Literature

Lee Y, Kim JH, Seo H, Park H, Oh YM, Lee SD, Lee JS

Cryptococcosis can occur in immunocompetent patients; in fact, it accounts for 20% of all cryptococcal infections. In immunocompetent patients, although clinical symptoms may not be obvious, cryptococcosis should be considered...
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Cryptococcus neoformans Cellulitis with Cryptococcemia in a Patient on Maintenance Hemodialysis

Jeong IW, Kim JE, Kim SH, Kim JH, Hong YA, Ko GJ, Kwon YJ

Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungus that causes opportunistic infections in immunocompromised hosts. Skin lesions are found in 10-20% of systemic cryptococcal infections, usually secondary to cryptococcemia, while primary cutaneous cryptococcosis...
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A Case of Primary Cutaneous Cryptococcosis Arising on the Abdomen and Review of the Literature

Park J, Cho YS, Kim DW, Woo SH, Yun SK, Kim HU

Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis is isolated cutaneous cryptococcosis without evidence of systemic involvement. It usually presents as a solitary nodule in an exposed area, such as head and neck or extremities,...
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Pulmonary Cryptococcosis in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patient Treated With Leflunomide

Byon CK, Yim SW, Park JY, Roh MS, Lee SW, Chung WT, Lee SY

Leflunomide, a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug, is effective for rheumatoid arthritis as monotherapy or combination therapy with methotrexate. The most common adverse effects are diarrhea, dyspepsia, nausea, abdominal pain, oral ulcer,...
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Pulmonary Cryptococcosis That Mimicked Rheumatoid Nodule in Rheumatoid Arthritis Lesion

Jang DW, Jeong I, Kim SJ, Kim SW, Park SY, Kwon YH, Jeong YO, Lee JY, Kim BS, Kim WS, Joh JS

Recently, the incidence of pulmonary cryptococcosis is gradually increasing in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Pulmonary rheumatoid nodules (PRN) are rare manifestations of RA. Eighteen months ago, a 65-year old woman...
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Pulmonary Cryptococcosis in a Patient with Ankylosing Spondylitis treated with Etanercept

Lim CH, Lee SH, Kim HY, Kim WS, Kang S, Kwon SW, Kim J, Park SY, An SH, Yu HM, Kim HR

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder, commonly characterized by inflammation of axial skeleton and development of enthesopathies. Tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) shows good therapeutic responses in AS...
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First Case of Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Peritonitis Caused by Cryptococcus arboriformis

Im H, Chae JD, Yoo M, Lee SY, Song EJ, Sung SA, Hwang YH, Shin JH, Cho YU

No abstract available.
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