J Lung Cancer.  2005 Jun;4(1):6-14.

Impact of Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy as aBoost Treatment on the Lung Dose Distributions for Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Dong-A University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea. cymin00@yahoo.co.kr
  • 2Department of Hemato-Oncology, Dong-A University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Pulmonology, Dong-A University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.


PURPOSE : To investigate the feasibility of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) as a method of boost radiotherapy following the initial irradiation by the conventional anterior / posterior opposed beams for centrally located non-small-cell lung cancer through the evaluation of dose distributions according to the various boost methods.
: Seven patients with T3 or T4 lung cancer and mediastinal node enlargement who previously received radiotherapy were studied. All patients underwent virtual simulation retrospectively with the previous treatment planning CTs. Initial radiotherapy plans were designed to deliver 40 Gy to the primary tumor and involved nodal regions with the conventional anterior / posterior opposed beams. Two radiation dose levels, 24 and 30 Gy, were used for the boost radiotherapy plans, and 4 different boost methods (a three dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT), 5, 7, and 9-beams IMRT) were applied to each dose level. The goals of the boost plans were to deliver the prescribed radiation dose to 95% of the planning target volume (PTV) and minimize the volumes of the normal lungs and spinal cord irradiated above their tolerance doses. Dose distributions in the PTVs and lungs, according to the four types of boost plans, were compared in the boost and sum plans, respectively.
: The percentage of lung volumes irradiated >20 Gy (V20) were reduced significantly in the IMRT boost plans compared with the 3DCRT boost plans at the 24 and 30 Gy dose levels (p=0.007 and 0.031 respectively). Mean lung doses according to the boost methods were not different in the 24 and 30 Gy boost plans. The conformity indexes (CI) of the IMRT boost plans were lower than those of the 3DCRT plans in the 24 and 30 Gy plans (p=0.001 in both). For the sum plans, there was no difference of the dose distributions in the PTVs and lungs according to the boost methods.
: In the boost plans the V20s and CIs were reduced significantly by the IMRT plans, but in the sum plans the effects of IMRT to the dose distributions in the tumor and lungs, like CI and V20, were offset. Therefore, in order to keep the beneficial effect of IMRT in radiotherapy for lung cancer, it would be better to use IMRT as a whole treatment plan rather than as a boost treatment


Non-small-cell lung cancer; Intensity modulated radiotherapy; Three dimensional conformal radiotherapy; Boost radiotherapy; Lung dose volume

MeSH Terms

Lung Neoplasms*
Radiotherapy, Conformal
Retrospective Studies
Spinal Cord
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