J Vet Sci.  2014 Mar;15(1):91-97. 10.4142/jvs.2014.15.1.91.

Development and clinical evaluation of a rapid diagnostic kit for feline leukemia virus infection

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Clinical Pathology Laboratory Science, Daejeon Health Science College, Daejeon 300-711, Korea.
  • 2Department of Biochemistry and CBITRC, College of Natural Sciences, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763, Korea.
  • 3Water Analysis and Research Center, K-water, Daejeon 306-711, Korea.
  • 4Bacteriology and Parasitology Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Anyang 430-824, Korea.
  • 5Seoul Metropolitan Government Research Institute of Public Health and Environment, Gwacheon 427-070, Korea.
  • 6Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Public Health & Social Welfare, Dankook University, Cheonan 330-714, Korea. pp99pp@dreamwiz.com

Abstract

Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) causes a range of neoplastic and degenerative diseases in cats. To obtain a more sensitive and convenient diagnosis of the disease, we prepared monoclonal antibodies specific for the FeLV p27 to develop a rapid diagnostic test with enhanced sensitivity and specificity. Among these antibodies, we identified two clones (hybridomas 8F8B5 and 8G7D1) that specifically bound to FeLV and were very suitable for a diagnostic kit. The affinity constants for 8F8B5 and 8G7D1 were 0.35 x 10(9) and 0.86 x 10(9), respectively. To investigate the diagnostic abilities of the rapid kit using these antibodies, we performed several clinical studies. Assessment of analytical sensitivity revealed that the detection threshold of the rapid diagnostic test was 2 ng/mL for recombinant p27 and 12.5 x 10(4) IU/mL for FeLV. When evaluating 252 cat sera samples, the kit was found to have a kappa value of 0.88 compared to polymerase chain reaction (PCR), indicating a significant correlation between data from the rapid diagnostic test and PCR. Sensitivity and specificity of the kit were 95.2% (20/21) and 98.5% (257/261), respectively. Our results demonstrated that the rapid diagnostic test would be a suitable diagnostic tool for the rapid detection of FeLV infection in cats.

Keyword

anti-FeLV p27 monoclonal antibody; feline leukemia virus; polymerase chain reaction; rapid diagnostic test; recombinant FeLV p27

MeSH Terms

Animals
Antibodies, Monoclonal/blood
Cats
Diagnostic Tests, Routine/*veterinary
Female
Gene Products, gag/*blood
Leukemia Virus, Feline/immunology/*isolation & purification
Leukemia, Feline/*diagnosis
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Sensitivity and Specificity
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Gene Products, gag
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