Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.  2005 Jun;9(3):159-164.

Protective Effect of N-Acetylcysteine on Progression of Adriamycin-induced Nephropathy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul 133-791, Korea.
  • 2Department of Pathology, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul 133-791, Korea.
  • 3Department of Physiology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju 501-746, Korea. julee@chonnam.ac.kr

Abstract

Effects of antioxidants on the established nephropathy were investigated. The experimental nephropathy was induced in rats by intravenous injection of adriamycin (2 mg/kg). Six weeks later, when proteinuria was apparent, the rats were supplemented with N-acetylcysteine (NAC, 1 g/kg/day) in drinking water for additional 6 weeks. Glomerulosclerosis score and tubulointerstitial injury index were determined by light microscopy. Expression of transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1 and laminin beta1 was determined in the renal cortex by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and immunogold electron microscopy. The adriamycin-induced proteinuria as well as the glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial injury was ameliorated by the treatment with NAC. Adriamycin increased the expression of TGF beta1 mRNA and protein, which was ameliorated by NAC. Although the expression of laminin beta1 mRNA was increased, adriamycin did not significantly alter that of its protein. These results indicate that antioxidants ameliorate the established nephropathy in association with normalization of overexpressed TGF beta1.

Keyword

Nephropathy; N-Acetylcysteine; Glomerulosclerosis; Tubulointerstitial injury; Transforming growth factor beta1; Laminin beta1

MeSH Terms

Acetylcysteine*
Animals
Antioxidants
Blotting, Western
Doxorubicin
Drinking Water
Immunohistochemistry
Injections, Intravenous
Laminin
Microscopy
Microscopy, Electron
Proteinuria
Rats
RNA, Messenger
Transforming Growth Factor beta1
Transforming Growth Factors
Acetylcysteine
Antioxidants
Doxorubicin
Drinking Water
Laminin
RNA, Messenger
Transforming Growth Factor beta1
Transforming Growth Factors
Full Text Links
  • KJPP
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr