Korean J Audiol.  2011 Sep;15(2):85-89.

Retrosigmoid Approach in the Removal of Vestibular Schwannoma

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, KyungHee University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine, KyungHee University, Seoul, Korea. yeo2park@yahoo.co.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
The use of several approaches, involving different cerebellopontine angles, has enabled vestibular schwannoma removal to be tailored to each patient's pathology and physiological status. The retrosigmoid approach provides simple and direct access to cerebello-pontine angle lesions.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS
We retrospectively assessed outcomes in 35 consecutive patients who underwent vestibular schwannoma removal via the retrosigmoid approach.
RESULTS
Of the 35 patients, 12 were men and 23 women; their age was 52.5+/-10.4 years (range, 35-75 years). One tumor was small (< or =1 cm), 18 were medium (1-3 cm), and 16 (45.7%) were large (>3 cm). Symptoms included hearing disturbance (31 patients, 89%), tinnitus (14 patients, 40%), headache (12 patients, 34%), vertigo (11 patients, 31%), and facial palsy (9 patients, 25%). Postoperative complications included facial palsy, intracranial hemorrhage, dysphagia, and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, with facial palsy remaining permanently. Four patients (11.4%) had tumor regrowth, at a mean of 36.3 months after primary surgery. The mean diameter of regrowing tumors was 20.5+/-4.4 mm (range 14.5-25.0 mm).
CONCLUSIONS
The retrosigmoid approach for vestibular schwannoma removal was associated with higher rates of facial palsy and hearing loss. This approach, however, can minimize injury to the lower cranial nerve.

Keyword

Vestibular schwannoma; Retrosigmoid approach

MeSH Terms

Cerebellopontine Angle
Cranial Nerves
Deglutition Disorders
Facial Paralysis
Headache
Hearing
Hearing Loss
Humans
Intracranial Hemorrhages
Male
Neuroma, Acoustic
Postoperative Complications
Retrospective Studies
Tinnitus
Vertigo
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