Exp Mol Med.  2004 Jun;36(3):211-219.

Beta ig-h3 promotes renal proximal tubular epithelial cell adhesion, migration and proliferation through the interaction with alpha3beta1 integrin

  • 1Cell and Matrix Biology National Research Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry.
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, 101 Dongin-dong, Jung-gu, Daegu 700-422, Korea.
  • 3Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.


Betaig-h3 (betaig-h3) is a secretory protein composed of fasciclin I-like repeats containing sequences that allows binding of integrins and glycosaminoglycans in vivo. Expression of betaig-h3 is responsive to TGF-beta and the protein is found to be associated with extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules, implicating betaig-h3 as an ECM adhesive protein of developmental processes. We previously observed predominant expression of betaig-h3 expression in the basement membrane of proximal tubules of kidney. In this study, the physiological relevance of such localized expression of betaig-h3 was examined in the renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (RPTEC). RPTEC constitutively expressed betaig-h3 and the expression was dramatically induced by exogenous TGF-beta1 treatment. betaig-h3 and its second and fourth FAS1 domain were able to mediate RPTEC adhesion, spreading and migration. Two known alpha3beta1 integrin-interaction motifs including aspartatic acid and isoleucine residues, NKDIL and EPDIM in betaig-h3 were responsible to mediate RPTEC adhesion, spreading, and migration. By using specific antibodies against integrins, we confirmed that alpha3beta1 integrin mediates the adhesion and migration of RPTECs on betaig-h3. In addition, it also enhanced proliferation of RPTECs through NKDIL and EPDIM. These results indicate that betaig-h3 mediates adhesion, spreading, migration and proliferation of RPTECs through the interaction with alpha3beta1 integrin and is intimately involved in the maintenance and the regeneration of renal proximal tubular epithelium.


adhesion; alpha3beta1 integrin; betaig-h3; migration; proliferation; renal proximal tubular epithelial cell
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