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A Renal Size Discrepancy among the Findings of Renal Sonogram in Children with Their First Episode of Pyelonephritis is One of the Useful Parameters to Predict the Presence of Cortical Defects on the Acute DMSA Renal Scan

Kwon Y, Jin BK, Rhie S, Lee JH

PURPOSE: We investigated whether a renal size discrepancy on a renal sonogram (US) in children with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) was correlated with the presence of cortical defects on...
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Plasma Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin as a Predictor of Renal Parenchymal Involvement in Infants With Febrile Urinary Tract Infection: A Preliminary Study

Yun BA, Yang EM, Kim CJ

BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial infection in infants. Renal parenchymal involvement is an important prognostic factor; however, early detection of parenchymal involvement in UTI may...
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Radiation nephritis: (99m)Tc hydroxydiphosphonate bone scan, (99m)Tc dimercaptosuccinic acid renal scan, and ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT findings

Park HL, Yoo IR, Kim YS, Kang JH, Lee JE

No abstract available.
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Analysis of Uropathogens of Febrile Urinary Tract Infection in Infant and Relationship with Vesicoureteral Reflux

Kim KH, Seo SH, Lee SD, Chung JM

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between uropathogens of infants with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) and vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 308 infants hospitalized for...
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Comparison of 99mTc-DMSA Renal Scan and Power Doppler Ultrasonography for the Detection of Acute Pyelonephritis and Vesicoureteral Reflux

Bae HJ, Park YH, Cho JH, Jang KM

PURPOSE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the common infectious diseases in children. Several imaging modalities can be used to confirm the presence of acute pyelonephritis (APN). Among them...
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The White Blood Cell Count to Hemoglobin Level Ratio is Correlated with the Presence of Cortical Defects on DMSA Renal Scans in Children with Febrile Urinary Tract Infection

Jin BK, Baek KS, Rhie SK, Lee JH

PURPOSE: We investigated whether the white blood cell (WBC) count to hemoglobin (Hgb) level ratio is correlated with the presence of cortical defects on dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) renal scan in...
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Critical appraisal of the top-down approach for vesicoureteral reflux

Abdelhalim A, Khoury AE

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has been linked to recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), renal scarring, hypertension, renal insufficiency and end-stage kidney disease. Different imaging strategies have been proposed to approach children...
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Predictors of High-grade Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children with Febrile Urinary Tract Infections

Choi EJ, Lee MJ, Park SA, Lee OK

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate clinical and radiological factors that may predict high-grade vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in patients with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records...
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Clinical Efficacy of a Top-down Approach for Children with a First Febrile Urinary Tract Infection

Jang KM, Lim MH, Park YH, Kim S

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics, frequency of renal abnormalities and benefits of a top-down approach in children with their first febrile urinary tract...
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Clinical implications of DMSA Scan in Childhood Acute Pyelonephritis

Huh SM, Park BK, Kang HM, Rhim JW, Suh JS, Lee KY

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the relationships between 99mTecnicium-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan findings and clinical parameters including age and fever duration. METHODS: The positive rates for abnormal DMSA scans were...
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Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of the First Episode of Urinary Tract Infection in Neonates and Infants Younger than 2 Months of Age

Cheng JY

PURPOSE: The American Academy of Pediatrics provides guidelines for managing febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants and children 2-24 months old, but little guidance is offered regarding UTIs in...
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Usefulness of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio in young children with febrile urinary tract infection

Han SY, Lee IR, Park SJ, Kim JH, Shin JI

PURPOSE: Acute pyelonephritis (APN) is a serious bacterial infection that can cause renal scarring in children. Early identification of APN is critical to improve treatment outcomes. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR)...
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Prognostic Factors of Renal Scarring on Follow-up DMSA Scan in Children with Acute Pyelonephritis

Lee J, Woo BW, Kim HS

PURPOSE: Early diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infection have been emphasized to prevent renal scarring. If untreated, acute pyelonephritis could cause renal injury, which leads to renal scarring, hypertension,...
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Clinical Significance of Uptake Difference on DMSA Scintigraphy in Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection

Kim BK, Choi WJ, Yim HE, Yoo KH

PURPOSE: Disruption of normal renal development can lead to congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract, including renal hypodysplasia. We aimed to clarify whether small kidney size affects clinical...
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Which Factors Related to the Renal Cortical Defects in Infants Under 3 Months of Age with Urinary Tract Infections?

An YK, Cho MH, Kim KS

PURPOSE: We used technetium-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy to identify factors predictive of renal cortical defects in infants
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New Insights for Febrile Urinary Tract Infection (Acute Pyelonephritis) in Children

Lee KY

Although asymptomatic bacteriuria, cystitis, and acute pyelonephritis (APN) have been categorized as urinary tract infections (UTIs), the immunopathogenesis of each disease is different. APN shows an age predilection; the majority...
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A Case of Acute Lung Injury due to Mercury Vapor Inhalation

Kwon BS, Huh JY, Kim JH, Sohn CH, Chae EJ, Song JW

Mercury is traditionally used as a dye for making amulets in Korea. Inhaling the vapor produced by burning mercury damages major organs, such as the lungs, kidneys, and brain. We...
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Renal Problems in Early Adult Patients with Turner Syndrome

Yu DU, Ku JK, Chung WY

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the status of renal function and the presence of urinary abnormalities in early adult patients with Turner syndrome (TS). METHODS: Sixty-three girls with TS, who...
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Height-Based Formula Predicting Renal Length in Korean Children derived from Technesium-99m Dimercaptosuccinic Acid Scan

Cho MH, Yoo HY, Kwak BO, Park HW, Chung S, Kim SN, Son JS, Kim KS

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to establish a simple formula to predict renal length in children using a Technesium-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan data, and to compare it...
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Association of Renal and Bladder Ultrasonography Findings with Urinary Tract Infection Recurrence, High-Grade Vesicoureteral Reflux, and Renal Scarring

Park HW, Jin H, Jeong SJ, Lee JH

INTRODUCTION: This study investigated whether renal and bladder ultrasonography (RBUS) findings performed in children with the first incidence of febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) can predict UTI recurrence, high-grade vesicoureteral...
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