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Role of IL-17A in Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyp

Ryu G, Bae JS, Kim JH, Kim EH, Lyu L, Chung YJ, Mo JH

PURPOSE: Th17-associated inflammation is increased in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyp (CRSwNP), and is associated with disease severity and steroid resistance. Overexpressed interleukin (IL)-17A affects CRSwNP by tissue remodeling, eosinophilic...
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Safety and Efficacy of a New Ultrathin Sirolimus-Eluting Stent with Abluminal Biodegradable Polymer in Real-World Practice

Youn YJ, Yoo SY, Lee JW, Ahn SG, Lee SH, Yoon J, Park JH, Choi WG, Cho S, Lim SW, Jang YS, Kwon KH, Lee NH, Doh JH, Kang WC, Jeon DW, Lee BK, Heo JH, Hong BK, Choi HH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recently, Genoss drug-eluting stent (DES)â„¢ stent comprising cobalt-chromium platform with an ultrathin strut thickness, sirolimus, and an abluminal biodegradable polymer was developed. Owing to the lack of...
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The Influence of Bcl-3 Expression on Cell Migration and Chemosensitivity of Gastric Cancer Cells via Regulating Hypoxia-Induced Protective Autophagy

Hu L, Bai Z, Ma X, Bai N, Zhang Z

PURPOSE: Gastric cancer is a highly metastatic malignant tumor, often characterized by chemoresistance and high mortality. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the role of B-cell lymphoma 3...
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Predicting the Benefit of Adjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy in Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Patients with Phosphorylated S6K1 Expression Status

Choi J, Park CS, Seong MK, Seol H, Kim JS, Park IC, Noh WC, Kim HA

PURPOSE: Phosphorylated ribosomal S6 kinase 1 (pS6K1) is a major downstream regulator of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. Recent studies have addressed the role of S6K1 in adipogenesis....
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mTOR-coordinated Post-Transcriptional Gene Regulations: from Fundamental to Pathogenic Insights

Yeh HS, Yong J

Post-transcriptional regulations of mRNA transcripts such as alternative splicing and alternative polyadenylation can affect the expression of genes without changing the transcript levels. Recent studies have demonstrated that these post-transcriptional...
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Recent Advances in Anti-Aging Medicine

Son DH, Park WJ, Lee YJ

A rapidly aging population in Korea has led to increased attention in the field of anti-aging medicine. The purpose of anti-aging medicine is to slow, stop, or reverse the aging...
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Recent Progress on Branched-Chain Amino Acids in Obesity, Diabetes, and Beyond

Siddik MA, Shin AC

Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are essential amino acids that are not synthesized in our body; thus, they need to be obtained from food. They have shown to provide many physiological...
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Curcumin-Induced Autophagy Augments Its Antitumor Effect against A172 Human Glioblastoma Cells

Lee JE, Yoon SS, Moon EY

Glioblastoma is the most aggressive common brain tumor in adults. Curcumin, from Curcuma longa, is an effective antitumor agent. Although the same proteins control both autophagy and cell death, the...
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Sirolimus therapy for fetal cardiac rhabdomyoma in a pregnant woman with tuberous sclerosis

Park H, Chang CS, Choi SJ, Oh SY, Roh CR

Rhabdomyoma is the most common fetal cardiac tumor, and its development is related to tuberous sclerosis. Fetal cardiac rhabdomyomas often spontaneously regress in utero or after birth, but large tumors...
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Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Pathway in Epileptic Disorders

Kim JK, Lee JH

The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway coordinates the metabolic activity of eukaryotic cells through environmental signals, including nutrients, energy, growth factors, and oxygen. In the nervous system, the mTOR...
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Farnesylation-defective Rheb Increases Axonal Length Independently of mTORC1 Activity in Embryonic Primary Neurons

Choi S, Sadra A, Kang J, Ryu JR, Kim JH, Sun W, Huh SO

Rheb (Ras homolog enriched in the brain) is a small GTPase protein that plays an important role in cell signaling for development of the neocortex through modulation of mTORC1 (mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-complex-1)...
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The effects of addition of coenzyme Q10 to metformin on sirolimus-induced diabetes mellitus

Sun IO, Jin L, Jin J, Lim SW, Chung BH, Yang CW

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study was performed to determine whether adding coenzyme Q10 (CoQ(10)) to metformin (MET) has a beneficial effect as a treatment for sirolimus (SRL)-induced diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: DM was...
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Chylous Manifestations and Management of Gorham-Stout Syndrome

Cho S, Kang SR, Lee BH, Choi S

Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) was first described by Gorham and colleagues in 1954, but its precise mechanism and cause remain to be elucidated. In this condition, voluminous and potentially fatal chylous...
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Experience of a Single Center in Treating Multiple Manifestations of Tuberous Sclerosis Complex with Everolimus

Ahn H, Yum MS, Jang HN, Song C, Ko TS

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of everolimus, an oral mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, for the treatment of tuberous sclerosis complex...
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Cross-sectional analysis of immunosuppressive regimens focused on everolimus after liver transplantation in a Korean high-volume transplantation center

Kang SH, Hwang S, Ha TY, Song GW, Jung DH, Ahn CS, Moon DB, Kim KH, Park GC, Yoon YI, Park YH, Cho HD, Kwon JH, Chung YK, Choi JU, Lee SG

BACKGROUND: The mammalian target of the rapamycin inhibitor has dual inhibitory effects on cell growth and angiogenesis. This study aimed to analyze the usage of everolimus on actual immunosuppression (IS)...
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Asiatic Acid Induces Apoptosis and Autophagy and Reduces MiR-17 and MiR-21 Expression in Pancreatic Cancer Cell Lines

Jo YG, Kim M, Shin H, Lee KY, Lee EJ

This study investigated the cytotoxic effects and mechanism of action of asiatic acid in pancreatic cancer cell lines. First, we confirmed the cell viability of MIA PaCa-2 and PANC-1 cells...
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Molecular Mechanisms of Primary Aldosteronism

Tevosian S, Fox SC, Ghayee HK

Primary aldosteronism (PA) results from excess production of mineralocorticoid hormone aldosterone by the adrenal cortex. It is normally caused either by unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) or by bilateral aldosterone excess...
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Use of Topical Rapamycin as Maintenance Treatment after a Single Session of Fractionated COâ‚‚ Laser Ablation: A Method to Enhance Percutaneous Drug Delivery

Oh J, Kim J, Lee WJ, Lee JH

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant neurocutaneous disorder with an incidence of approximately 1 in 5,000 to 10,000 live births. TSC has various clinical manifestations such as multiple...
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N-acetyl-l-cysteine controls osteoclastogenesis through regulating Th17 differentiation and RANKL in rheumatoid arthritis

Kim HR, Kim KW, Kim BM, Lee KA, Lee SH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to determine the regulatory role of N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC), an antioxidant, in interleukin 17 (IL-17)-induced osteoclast differentiation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: After RA synovial fibroblasts were stimulated...
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Regulation of Osteoblast Metabolism by Wnt Signaling

Moorer MC, Riddle RC

Wnt/β-catenin signaling plays a critical role in the achievement of peak bone mass, affecting the commitment of mesenchymal progenitors to the osteoblast lineage and the anabolic capacity of osteoblasts depositing...
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