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Sedative, analgesic, behavioral and clinical effects of intravenous nalbuphine-xylazine combination in camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Khalil AH, Abd Al-Galil AS, Sabek AA, Zeineldin , Abo-Kora S

This study examined the sedative, analgesic, behavioral, and clinical effects of a combination of xylazine (XY) and nalbuphine-xylazine (NA-XY) in camels. A total of five adult camels were used in...
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Effects of Breathing Exercises in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Ubolnuar N, Tantisuwat A, Thaveeratitham P, Lertmaharit S, Kruapanich C, Mathiyakom W

OBJECTIVE: To update evidence on the effects of breathing exercises (BEs) on ventilation, exercise capacity, dyspnea, and quality of life (QoL) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. METHODS: Randomized controlled...
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Reduction of PaCOâ‚‚ by high-flow nasal cannula in acute hypercapnic respiratory failure patients receiving conventional oxygen therapy

Lee HW, Choi SM, Lee J, Park YS, Lee CH, Yoo CG, Kim YW, Han SK, Lee SM

BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that a high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) could help to remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from anatomical dead spaces, but evidence to support that is lacking. The...
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Current Status of Noninvasive Ventilation Use in Korean Intensive Care Units: A Prospective Multicenter Observational Study

Nam H, Cho JH, Choi EY, Chang Y, Choi WI, Hwang JJ, Moon JY, Lee K, Kim SW, Kang HK, Sim YS, Park TS, Park SY, Park S, on behalf of Korean NIV Study Group

BACKGROUND: Data on noninvasive ventilation (NIV) use in intensive care units (ICUs) are very limited in South Korea. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed in 20 ICUs of university-affiliated hospitals...
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New prehospital scoring system for traumatic brain injury to predict mortality and severe disability using motor Glasgow Coma Scale, hypotension, and hypoxia: a nationwide observational study

Gang MC, Hong KJ, Shin SD, Song KJ, Ro YS, Kim TH, Park JH, Jeong J

OBJECTIVE: Assessing the severity of injury and predicting outcomes are essential in traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the respiratory rate and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of the Revised Trauma Score...
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Lethal Cardiac Complications in a Long-Term Survivor of Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 1

Cho MJ

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare neuromuscular disease characterized by degeneration of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord and motor nuclei in the lower brainstem, resulting in...
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Empirical Antibiotics in Non-Ventilated Cases of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome

Kang SM, Jo CK, Lee SY, Kim MJ

PURPOSE: Meconium aspiration is assumed to be a risk factor for bacterial infection, and patients with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) are commonly treated with empiric antibiotics in clinical settings. However,...
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Proportion of Aspiration Pneumonia Cases Among Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Single-Center Study in Korea

Jeon I, Jung GP, Seo HG, Ryu JS, Han TR, Oh BM

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the proportion of aspiration pneumonia cases among patients with community-acquired pneumonia in Korea. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with community-acquired pneumonia who had been admitted to the...
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A Clinical Study of Acute Epiglottitis: Retrospective Review of 315 Patients in Korea

Kim BJ, Choi BG, Choi HG, Lee JY, Park BJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acute epiglottitis is a life-threatening condition that can result in airway obstruction. The present study reports clinical features, management and patient outcomes in an acute epiglottitis. SUBJECTS AND...
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A comparison of clinical performance between i-gel and endotracheal tube in pediatric laparoscopic surgeries

Hong JI, Lee TY, Park SY, Choi SR, Lee SC, Chung CJ, Kim JH

BACKGROUND: The current evidence on the safe use of supraglottic airway for pediatric laparoscopic surgeries is limited. Although i-gel has been successfully used in adult laparoscopic surgeries, to our knowledge,...
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The Effects of Breast Milk Olfactory Stimulation on Physiological Responses, Oral Feeding Progression and Body Weight in Preterm Infants

Lee EJ

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of breast milk olfactory stimulation on physiological responses, oral feeding progression, and body weight in preterm infants. METHODS: A repeated measures design...
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Efficacy of quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment with lactate concentration for predicting mortality in patients with community-acquired pneumonia in the emergency department

Song H, Moon HG, Kim SH

OBJECTIVE: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a major cause of sepsis, and sepsis-related acute organ dysfunction affects patient mortality. Although the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) is a new screening...
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Current progress of photoplethysmography and SPO 2 for health monitoring

Tamura T

A photoplethysmograph (PPG) is a simple medical device for monitoring blood fl ow and transportation of substances in the blood. It consists of a light source and a photodetector for...
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Validation of quick sequential organ failure assessment score for poor outcome prediction among emergency department patients with suspected infection

Sohn YW, Jang HY, Park S, Lee Y, Cho YS, Park J, Chung H, Kim SI

OBJECTIVE: The quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) score, which includes mentation, systolic blood pressure, and respiratory rate, was developed to identify serious sepsis in out-of-hospital or emergency department (ED)...
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Differences in dietary intakes, body compositions, and biochemical indices between metabolically healthy and metabolically abnormal obese Korean women

Kang EY, Yim JE

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There are various factors that affect metabolic abnormalities related to obesity. The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences in dietary intakes and body compositions of obese...
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The Effects of Hand Massage in Patients Who Underwent Transradial Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Shin ES, Kim MH

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effect of hand massage in patients who underwent transradial percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study with a nonequivalent control group and...
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A successful management after preterm delivery in a patient with severe sepsis during third-trimester pregnancy

Ra M, Kim M, Kim M, Shim S, Hong SY

A 33-year-old woman visited the emergency department presenting with fever and dyspnea. She was pregnant with gestational age of 31 weeks and 6 days. She had dysuria for 7 days,...
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Letter to the Editor - Response to: The effect of dental scaling noise during intravenous sedation on acoustic respiration rate

Barker SJ

No abstract available.
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Postoperative infusion of a low dose of dexmedetomidine reduces intravenous consumption of sufentanil in patient-controlled analgesia

Kweon DE, Koo Y, Lee S, Chung K, Ahn S, Park C

BACKGROUND: Combining adjunctive medications with patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) has been used to minimize opioid related side-effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether postoperative infusion of a sub-sedative...
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The predictive factors for hospitalization of nonurgent patients visiting an emergency department in an urban area: a single center study

Lim CY, Park SY, Park KH, Park HY, Kim JE

OBJECTIVE: Emergency department (ED) visits by nonurgent patients are controversial because they are considered one of the causes of ED overcrowding and an example of the improper use of medical...
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