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Serial Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in Hyperglycemia-Related Osmotic Demyelination Syndrome: A Case Report

Kim JH, Park NH, Park JY, Kim SJ

We report a rare case of hyperglycemia-related osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) with focus on the imaging findings. A 61-year-old man with diabetes was admitted for general weakness and severe thirst....
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An MRI-Based Quantification for Correlation of Imaging Biomarker and Clinical Performance in Chronic Phase of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Lee A, Hwang JS, Bae WK, Park JS, Goo DE, Park ST

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the relation between quantitative magnetic resonance imaging biomarkers, and clinical performances in chronic phase of carbon monoxide intoxication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen...
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Comparison of Dysphagia Between Infratentorial and Supratentorial Stroke Patients

Kim YK, Cha JH, Lee KY

OBJECTIVE: To compare dysphagia between infratentorial stroke patients and supratentorial stroke patients. METHODS: Subjects of this study were patients with post-stroke dysphagia (PSD) who were admitted to our medical institution between...
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Trigeminal Neuralgia Resulting from Delayed Cervical Cord Compression after Acute Traumatic Fracture of Odontoid Process

Shim YW, Paeng SH, Lee KS, Kim ST, Lee WH

Trigeminal neuralgia is caused by compression of trigeminal nerve root and it leads to demyelination gradually. It was almost idiopathic and occurred unexpected. The upper cervical spinal cord contains the...
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Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Complicated by Meningoencephalitis and Radiologic findings: a Rare Case Report

Lee Y, Lee D

Ramsay Hunt syndrome with the complication of encephalitis or meningoencephalitis is rarely reported and uncommon in immunocompetent patients. The radiological manifestations of such cases usually involve the cerebellum and brainstem...
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A Case of Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis Associated with Glioma of the Pons

Beretta F, Aliprandi , Di Leo C, Salmaggi A

No abstract available.
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Clinical Factors Associated with Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Study Findings in Stroke Patients

Lee JM, Kim J, Han SH, Park JH, Kim JH

OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical factors and brain lesion locations related to the patterns of dysphagia in stroke patients in a rehabilitation hospital. METHODS: The medical records of 116 stroke patients...
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Acute combined central and peripheral nervous system demyelination: a case report

Roh YE, Kim YM

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) are demyelinating neurologic disorders with different target organs. Although they share similar pathogenetic mechanism, reports of simultaneous occurrence of the 2 disorders...
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Secondary Short-Lasting Unilateral Neuralgiform Headache with Conjunctival Injection and Tearing: A New Case and a Literature Review

Cao Y, Yang F, Dong Z, Huang X, Cao B, Yu S

Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) is a primary headache syndrome with an unclear pathogenesis. However, there is increasing evidence in the literature for secondary...
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An Anti-aquaporin 4 Positive Longitudinally Extensive Transverse Myelitis with Antecedent Necrotizing Pneumonia Associated with S. aureus

Jung BK, Kwon JA, Lee JM

A 53-year-old male patient presented with quadriparesis during pulmonological hospitalization for the treatment of S. aureus associated necrotizing pneumonia. He was diagnosed with the aquaporin-4 (AQP4) positive longitudinally extensive transverse...
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Association of Brain Lesions and Videofluoroscopic Dysphagia Scale Parameters on Patients With Acute Cerebral Infarctions

Mo SJ, Jeong HJ, Han YH, Hwang K, Choi JK

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics and risk factors of dysphagia using the videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale (VDS) with a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) in patients with acute cerebral infarctions. METHODS: In this...
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Changes in Diffusion Metrics of the Red Nucleus in Chronic Stroke Patients With Severe Corticospinal Tract Injury: A Preliminary Study

Kim H, Lee H, Jung KI, Ohn SH, Yoo WK

OBJECTIVE: To explore plastic changes in the red nucleus (RN) of stroke patients with severe corticospinal tract (CST) injury as a compensatory mechanism for recovery of hand function. METHODS: The moderate...
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Pontine Hypoplasia and Cri-du-chat Syndrome in a Preterm Infant

Jung YJ

A premature infant with gestational age 36⁺⁴ weeks was admitted with respiratory distress syndrome. Surfactant and ventilation were firstly done to improve his respiration. After extubation, weak, high-pitched cry and...
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Metronidazole-Induced Encephalopathy with Thiamine Deficiency

Kim RY, Lee DS, Gwag BC, Lee YK, Cheon SM, Jeong JH

Metronidazole-induced encephalopathy (MIE) can be caused by excessive dose or prolonged metronidazole administration. The signal abnormalities in the cerebellar dentate nuclei, midbrain, dorsal pons and corpus callosum on magnetic resonance...
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Glucose Hypometabolism in Hippocampal Subdivisions in Alzheimer's Disease: A Pilot Study Using High-Resolution ¹⁸F-FDG PET and 7.0-T MRI

Choi EJ, Son YD, Noh Y, Lee H, Kim YB, Park KH

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Atrophy of the hippocampus is an important clinical diagnostic marker of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and so assessments of hippocampal activity and its subdivisions might provide invaluable information....
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Central Regulation of Micturition and Its Association With Epilepsy

Jang HJ, Kwon MJ, Cho KO

Micturition is a complex process involving the bladder, spinal cord, and the brain. Highly sophisticated central neural program controls bladder function by utilizing multiple brain regions, including pons and suprapontine...
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A Case of Auditory Neuropathy Caused by Pontine Hemorrhage in an Adult

Chung SH, Jeong SW, Kim LS

A pontine hemorrhage can evoke several neurological symptoms because the pons contains various nuclei and nerve fibers. Hearing loss can develop as a result of a pontine hemorrhage because there...
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Brain Stem Infarction Due to Basilar Artery Dissection in a Patient with a Parotitis and Hyperhomocysteinemia

Ahn BJ

A 29-year-old man developed sudden dysarthria and right-sided weakness 3 days before admission to hospital. He was diagnosed with parotitis in the emergency room of Soonchunhyang University Gumi Hospital. The...
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Pontine Infarct Presenting as Peripheral Type Unilateral Facial Palsy

Kim HS, Kim GS, Lee YB, Park KH, Park HM, Shin DJ, Sung YH, Shin DH

Acute peripheral facial palsy usually manifests Bell's palsy of unknown cause, and rarely lacunar infarct which located in facial nucleus can mimic peripheral facial palsy. A 73 year-old man with...
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Top of the Basilar Syndrome after 2nd Cervical Spine Fracture

Kim SP, Sun KH, Kim SJ, Kim TH

Top of the basilar (TOB) syndrome occurs with occlusion of the rostral portion of the basilar artery that supplies blood to the midbrain, thalamus, and temporal and occipital lobes. Symptoms...
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