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Determination of Colistin Resistance by Simple Disk Diffusion Test Using Modified Mueller-Hinton Agar

Uwizeyimana JD, Kim D, Lee H, Byun JH, Yong D

BACKGROUND: Colistin has become a last-resort antibiotic for the management of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria. The disk diffusion test is cheap and easy to perform but may be unreliable for colistin...
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Antibacterial effect of different concentrations of Galla Chinensis extract on cariogenic bacteria in a biofilm model

Kim EJ, Jin BH

OBJECTIVES: Galla chinensis inhibited the adherence of planktonic oral bacteria and acid production by cariogenic bacteria. However, little is known about the relevant conditions of Galla Chinensis extract (GCE) exposure...
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Evaluation of Synergistic Effect of Combined Treatment with Linalool and Colistin on Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii to Expand Candidate for Therapeutic Option

Kim UJ, Kim CM, Jang SJ, Lee SB, Cho SS, Jeong SH, Ko YJ, Kang SH, Park G, Kim DM, Yoon NR, Ahn YJ, Lim DH, Kook JK

BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii infection is a significant health problem worldwide due to increased drug resistance. The limited antimicrobial alternatives for the treatment of severe infections by multidrug-resistant A. baumannii (MDRAB)...
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Linezolid Resistance in Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Korea: High Rate of False Resistance to Linezolid by the VITEK 2 System

Yoo IY, Kang OK, Shim HJ, Huh HJ, Lee NY

As various linezolid resistance mechanisms have been identified in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), we investigated the molecular characteristics of MRSA with elevated linezolid minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs), using the VITEK...
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Development of Tigecycline Resistance in Carbapenemase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Sequence Type 147 via AcrAB Overproduction Mediated by Replacement of the ramA Promoter

Yoon EJ, Oh Y, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae 2297, isolated from a patient treated with tigecycline for pneumonia, developed tigecycline resistance, in contrast to carbapenem-resistant isolate 1215, which was collected four months prior to...
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Effects of Diospyros kaki peel, Momordica charantia, and Canavalia gladiata extracts on the cariogenic traits of Streptococcus mutans

Kim DW, Lee DI, Im SU, Choi YH, Song KB

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine methods of dental caries prevention by investigating the use of compounds of Diospyros kaki (D. kaki) peel, Momordica charantia (M. charantia),...
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Performance Evaluation of the Newly Developed BD Phoenix NMIC-500 Panel Using Clinical Isolates of Gram-Negative Bacilli

Park BY, Mourad D, Hong JS, Yoon EJ, Kim D, Lee H, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: The emergence of carbapenem resistance among gram-negative bacilli (GNB), mediated by carbapenemase production, has necessitated the development of a simple and accurate device for detecting minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs)...
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Antibacterial effects of sodium tripolyphosphate against Porphyromonas species associated with periodontitis of companion animals

Lee JH, Moon JH, Ryu JI, Kang SW, Kwack KH, Lee JY

Porphyromonas species are closely associated with companion animal periodontitis which is one of the most common diseases in dogs and cats and leads to serious systemic diseases if left untreated....
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Genetic Variability of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Strains Isolated from Burns Patients

Goudarzi M, Kobayashi , Hashemi A, Fazeli M, Navidinia

OBJECTIVES: Staphylococcus aureus is a nosocomial pathogen that provides a major challenge in the healthcare environment, especially in burns units where patients are particularly susceptible to infections. In this study,...
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Susceptibility of Mutans streptococci in the Planktonic and Biofilm State to Erythrosine

Gong J, Seo H, Lee S, Park H, Lee J

The aim of this study was to investigate the susceptibility of Mutans streptococci in both planktonic and biofilm states to erythrosine. S. mutans was cultured in brain-heart infusion (BHI) broth. Erythrosine...
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Can Aminoglycosides Be Used as a New Treatment for Helicobacter pylori? In vitro Activity of Recently Isolated Helicobacter pylori

Lee KH, Park SY, Jeong SJ, Jung DH, Kim JH, Jeong SH, Kang IM, Song YG

BACKGROUND: Smectite can serve as a drug delivery system and gentamicin-intercalated smectite hybrids are expected to supersede the standard therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication. The aim of this study was...
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In vitro evaluation of octenidine as an antimicrobial agent against Staphylococcus epidermidis in disinfecting the root canal system

Chum JD, Lim DJ, Sheriff SO, Pulikkotil SJ, Suresh A, Davamani F

OBJECTIVES: Irrigants are imperative in endodontic therapy for the elimination of pathogens from the infected root canal. The present study compared the antimicrobial efficacy of octenidine dihydrochloride (OCT) with chlorhexidine...
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Report of the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service on Clinical Bacteriology and Mycology (2016)

Kim JS, Lee HS

Annual proficiency surveys were conducted thrice in 2016 as a part of the Clinical Microbiology Program of the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service. This program covers the fields...
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The Cefazolin Inoculum Effect and the Presence of type A blaZ Gene according to agr Genotype in Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia

Lee SO, Lee S, Park S, Lee JE, Lee SH

BACKGROUND: Recent data suggests the inoculum effect of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) against beta-lactam antibiotics and their association with functionality or genotypic variation of agr locus. METHODS: MSSA blood isolates were...
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Clinical and microbiological factors associated with early patient mortality from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia

Kim T, Chong YP, Park KH, Bang KM, Park SJ, Kim SH, Jeong JY, Lee SO, Choi SH, Woo JH, Kim YS

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (MRSAB) is a major bloodstream infection with a high mortality rate. Identification of factors associated with early mortality in MRSAB patients would be useful for...
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Evaluation of in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of Bacillus anthracis strains isolated during anthrax outbreaks in Italy from 1984 to 2017

Manzulli V, Fasanella , Parisi A, Serrecchia L, Donatiello A, Rondinone , Caruso M, Zange S, Tscherne A, Decaro N, Pedarra C, Galante D

Anthrax, caused by Bacillus anthracis, is a non-contagious infectious disease that affects a wide range of animal species (primarily ruminants) including humans. Due to the often-fatal outcome in humans, quick...
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The efficiency of topical anesthetics as antimicrobial agents: A review of use in dentistry

Kaewjiaranai T, Srisatjaluk RL, Sakdajeyont W, Pairuchvej V, Wongsirichat N

Topical anesthetics are commonly used in oral & maxillofacial surgery to control pain in the oral cavity mucosa before local anesthetic injection. These anesthetic agents come in many forms, developed...
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Biological and Genetic Characteristics of Clinically Isolated Enterobacter cloacae with Multidrug Resistance

Kim JJ, Koo SH

BACKGROUND: From January 2014 to December 2015, 69 clones of Enterobacter cloacae showing multidrug resistance to six classes of antimicrobial agents were collected from two medical centers in Korea. METHODS: Minimum...
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Recent Increase in the Incidence of TEM-135 β-Lactamase-harboring Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Korea

Rim JH, Kim H, Lee H, Yong D, Jeong SH, Lee K

BACKGROUND: We investigated the molecular epidemiological characteristics and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of penicillinase-producing Neisseria gonorrhoeae (PPNG) isolates to monitor the change in distribution of bla(TEM) in Korea. METHODS: We collected 804...
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Minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration of antibacterial fluoride varnish

Son JL, Kim AJ, Oh S, Bae JM

The aim of this study was to investigate the antibacterial effect of fluoride varnish with antibacterial agents on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). Experimental fluoride varnish (EFV) with 5% NaF was...
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