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Comparison of the Efficacy and Safety of Insulin Detemir Administered Once Daily According to Two Titration Algorithms (3-0-3 and 2-4-6-8) in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Yu HM, Park KS, Hong JH, Park KY, Lee JM, Ku BJ, Kim YJ, Oh TK

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to compare glycaemic control with insulin detemir administered according to two titration algorithms (3-0-3 and 2-4-6-8) after 20 weeks of treatment in subjects with type...
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Efficacy and Safety of Pioglitazone versus Glimepiride after Metformin and Alogliptin Combination Therapy: A Randomized, Open-Label, Multicenter, Parallel-Controlled Study

Kim JM, Kim SS, Kim JH, Kim MK, Kim TN, Lee SH, Lee CW, Park JY, Kim ES, Lee KJ, Choi YS, Kim DK, Kim IJ

BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the optimal third-line therapy for managing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) that is inadequately controlled using dual combination therapy. This study assessed the efficacy...
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Metformin Treatment for Patients with Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease: A Korean Diabetes Association and Korean Society of Nephrology Consensus Statement

Hur KY, Kim MK, Ko SH, Han M, Lee DW, Kwon HS, Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines, Korean Diabetes Association, Committee of the Cooperative Studies, Korean Society of Nephrology

The safety of metformin use for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and advanced kidney disease is controversial, and more recent guidelines have suggested that metformin be used cautiously...
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Two cases of ketosis-prone diabetes mellitus in Korean adolescents

Hwang WB, Kim JH, Cho SM

In recent years, reports of diabetes mellitus (DM) cases that do not fit the traditional classification system have increased in prevalence. While insulin deficiency appears as type 1 DM (T1DM),...
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Metformin-loaded Citric Acid Cross-linked Agarose Films in the Prevention of Postoperative Abdominal Adhesion

Moon JH, Park JH, Jeong JH, Sung NS, Jeong YG, Song KC, Ahn JP, Lee NS, Han SY

Postoperative abdominal adhesion (PAA) causes significant long-term postoperative morbidity. Although numerous physical anti-adhesion barriers (AAB) are used as therapeutical interventions, none of them has achieved sustained success. As a potential...
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Regulation of estrous cycle by Cynodon dactylon in letrozole induced polycystic ovarian syndrome in Wistars albino rats

Nallathambi A, Bhargavan

Menstrual cycle is controlled by luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone of anterior pituitary and regulated by gonadotropin-releasing hormone of hypothalamus. Any disturbance to this regulatory mechanism alters the pulsatile...
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Response: Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors versus Other Antidiabetic Drugs Added to Metformin Monotherapy in Diabetic Retinopathy Progression: A Real World-Based Cohort Study (Diabetes Metab J 2019;43:640–8)

Chung YR, Ha KH, Lee K, Kim DJ

No abstract available.
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Letter: Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors versus Other Antidiabetic Drugs Added to Metformin Monotherapy in Diabetic Retinopathy Progression: A Real World-Based Cohort Study (Diabetes Metab J 2019;43:640–8)

Moon JS

No abstract available.
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Metformin Ameliorates Lipotoxic β-Cell Dysfunction through a Concentration-Dependent Dual Mechanism of Action

Kim HI, Lee JS, Kwak BK, Hwang WM, Kim MJ, Kim YB, Chung SS, Park KS

BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to elevated levels of free fatty acids contributes to pancreatic β-cell dysfunction. Although it is well known that metformin induces cellular energy depletion and a concomitant activation...
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Which Clinicopathological Factors Are Related to Tumor Size in Papillary Thyroid Cancer?

Yoon S, Lee J, Soh E

PURPOSE: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common endocrine cancer worldwide. Tumor size on observation, together with lymph node metastasis, serves as a determinant of surgery. However, not all...
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Long-term outcomes of progestin plus metformin as a fertility-sparing treatment for atypical endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer patients

Mitsuhashi A, Habu Y, Kobayashi , Kawarai Y, Ishikawa H, Usui H, Shozu M

OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated long-term outcomes of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) plus metformin therapy in terms of control of atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) and endometrial cancer (EC), and post-treatment conception. METHODS:...
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Anti-diabetic effects of blue honeyberry on high-fed-diet-induced type II diabetic mouse

Sharma A, Kim JW, Ku SK, Choi JS, Lee HJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The blue honeysuckle berry (Lonicera caerulea var. edulis L.) is a small deciduous shrub belonging to the Caprifoliaceae family that is native to Russia, China, Japan, and Korea. The...
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Korean Treatment Guideline on Pharmacotherapy of Co-existing Symptoms and Antipsychotics-related Side Effects in Patients with Schizophrenia

Yun JY, Lee JS, Kang SH, Nam B, Lee SJ, Lee SH, Choi J, Kim CH, Chung YC

OBJECTIVES: The current study covers a secondary revision of the guidelines for the pharmacotherapy of schizophrenia issued by the Korean Medication Algorithm for Schizophrenia (KMAP-SCZ) 2001, specifically for co-existing symptoms...
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Effects of Dapagliflozin on Endothelial Function, Renal Injury Markers, and Glycemic Control in Drug-Naïve Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Kong SH, Koo BK, Moon MK

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to evaluate the effects of dapagliflozin and metformin on vascular endothelial function and renal injury markers. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, open-label, crossover study included drug-naïve patients with...
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Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors versus Other Antidiabetic Drugs Added to Metformin Monotherapy in Diabetic Retinopathy Progression: A Real World-Based Cohort Study

Chung YR, Ha KH, Kim HC, Park SJ, Lee K, Kim DJ

BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP4i) as add-on medications to metformin on progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, compared with...
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Cancer Risk in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes on Antidiabetic Monotherapy: A Population Based Cohort Study Using National Insurance Health Service Database

Jung HY, Lee S

BACKGROUND: Diabetes is associated with cancer risk in the aging population. Observational studies have indicated the beneficial effects of metformin against breast cancer, making studies on the anticancer potential of...
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Association of metformin and statin medications with surrogate measures of cardiovascular disease in youth with type 1 diabetes: the SEARCH for diabetes in youth study

Gourgari E, Stafford J, D'Agostino R, Dolan LM, Lawrence J, Mottl A, Pihoker C, Urbina EM, Wadwa RP, Dabelea D

PURPOSE: Youth with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are at risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We evaluated if metformin or statin use was associated with surrogate measures of improved CVD. METHODS:...
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Oral Hypoglycemic Agents for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Ko SH

For patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), lifestyle modifications including medical nutrition therapy, weight control, physical activity, smoking cessation, and avoidance of alcohol abuse should be initiated....
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Downregulation of IL-18 Expression in the Gut by Metformin-induced Gut Microbiota Modulation

Lee H, Kim J, An J, Lee S, Choi D, Kong H, Song Y, Park IH, Lee CK, Kim K

IL-18 is a crucial pro-inflammatory cytokine that mediates chronic intestinal inflammation. Metformin, an anti-diabetic drug, was reported to have ameliorative effects on inflammatory bowel disease. Recently, the mechanism of action...
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Response: Efficacy and Safety of Voglibose Plus Metformin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomized Controlled Trial (Diabetes metab J 2019;43;276-86)

Oh TJ, Choi SH

No abstract available.
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