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A Strain of Nocardia cyriacigeorgica Isolated from a Patient with Pulmonary Infection

Oh HR, Kim YS, Jang SJ, Li XM, Kim WY, Park G, Moon DS, Park YJ

Nocardia cyriacigeorgica is an aerobic gram-positive rod that has mostly been reported as an opportunistic pathogen. Since molecular methodologies were introduced to identify species, infections caused by N. cyriacigeorgica have...
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A Case of Indophenol Oxidase-positive Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Isolated from Urine in a Patient with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Lee S, Cho B, Choi SM, Park KS, Kim M

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a motile, non-fermentative, gram-negative rod. It is one of the important nosocomial pathogens associated with substantial morbidity and mortality such as pneumonia and bacteremia in immunocompromised patients....
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A Fatal Case of Infective Endocarditis Caused by Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST72 in Korea

Choi SH, Chung JW

The advent of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has been a worldwide threat to public health for the past decade. We report a fatal case of infective endocarditis caused by...
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Epidemiological Investigation of an Outbreak of Escherichia coli Infections in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a University Hospital

Oh HR, Moon DS, Jang SJ, Li XM, Kim DM, Park SG, Park G, Park YJ

BACKGROUND: In July 2007, three neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Chosun University Hospital expired due to Escherichia coli sepsis. An E. coli outbreak was suspected. METHODS: To...
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Biocidal Effect of a Sanitizer/Disinfectant, Foodsafe, against Bacteria, Yeast, and Mycobacteria

Choi TY

BACKGROUND: Sanitizers and disinfectants are essential for hygienic control to prevent food poisoning. We evaluated the biocidal activity of a chlorine-based sanitizer/disinfectant, Foodsafe (Neochemical, Paju, Korea), against bacteria, yeasts, and...
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Evaluation of Rapid Assay (Tox A/B Quik Chek) for the Detection of Clostridium difficile Toxins A and B

Kim SJ, Kim H, Kim MS, Koh E, Kim CK, Jeong SH, Chong Y, Lee K

BACKGROUND: Toxin immunoassay is widely used for rapid diagnosis of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of Tox A/B Quik Chek test (TECHLAB,...
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Evaluation of the VIDAS CDAB Kits for the Detection of the Clostridium difficile Toxins A and B

Kang JO, Shin BM, Han D, Choi TY

BACKGROUND: Since the emergence of variant Clostridium difficile strains that fail to produce detectable toxin A, diagnostic kits targeted to detect toxin A only showed a considerable rate of false...
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Characteristics of Acquired beta-lactamase Gene in Clinical Isolates of Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Chung SY, Sung JY, Kwon KC, Park JW, Ko CS, Shin SY, Song JH, Koo SH

BACKGROUND: Recently, there have been reports of infections with multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. To determine the mechanism of the resistance, we investigated the prevalence of Ambler class A and D beta-lactamases,...
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Detection of CTX-M-Type Extended-Spectrum beta-Lactamase in Clinical Isolates of Chromosomal AmpC beta-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae from Korea and Their Molecular Characteristics

Kim CK, Yum JH, Yong D, Jeong SH, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Clinical isolates of AmpC beta-lactamase- producing Enterobacteriaceae were evaluated to determine the prevalence of CTX-M extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) and their genetic environments. METHODS: A total of 250 non-duplicate isolates of...
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Multicenter Study for the Frequency of 23S rRNA Point Mutations Associated with Clarithromycin Resistance in Helicobacter pylori in Korea

Lee HK, Chae HS, Kang JO, Lee MK, Sung H, Kim MN, Lee J, Lee M, Shim KN

BACKGROUND: Clarithromycin resistance in Helicobacter pylori is a major cause of eradication therapy failure. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and type of mutations in the...
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Distributions of Macrolide-Lincosamide-Streptogramin B Resistance Phenotypes in Clinical Isolates of Staphylococi

Uh Y, Hwang GY, Jang IH, Kwon O, Yoon KJ, Kim HY

BACKGROUND: Increased resistance rates to macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (MLSB) antibiotics among clinical isolates of staphylococci are considered as a consequence of an expanded use of these antibiotics in the treatment of...
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Resistance Mechanism and Epidemiology of Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci

Lee WG

Since vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) were first isolated in Europe, rates of VRE colonization and infection have risen steadily. Today VRE have emerged as important nosocomial pathogens worldwide; hence, it is...
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