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Arginine methylation as a key post-translational modification in skeletal muscle homeostasis: a review

Kim H, Kang JS, Jeong HJ

Arginine methylation mediated by protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs) has emerged as a key post-translational modification of histone or nonhistone substrates. It involves or controls signaling pathways or gene expression implicated...
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Effects of β-carotene on Expression of Selected MicroRNAs, Histone Acetylation, and DNA Methylation in Colon Cancer Stem Cells

Kim D, Kim Y, Kim Y

BACKGROUND: Beta-carotene (BC) is a carotenoid which exerts anti-cancer effects in several types of cancer, including colorectal cancer. Epigenetic modifications of genes, such as histone deacetylation and DNA hypermethylation, have...
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Response of Glucocorticoid Receptor Alpha and Histone Deacetylase 2 to Glucocorticoid Treatment Predicts the Prognosis of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Zhang X, Chen J, Gao Z, Qi H, Dai Y, She W

OBJECTIVES: To investigate glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) gene expression and protein levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with severe or profound sudden sensorineural...
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Proteomic Analysis on Exosomes Derived from Patients’ Sera Infected with Echinococcus granulosus

Wang W, Zhou X, Cui F, Shi C, Wang Y, Men Y, Zhao W, Zhao J

Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus at the larval stage, predominantly develops in the liver and lungs of intermediate hosts and eventually results in organ malfunction...
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RbAp48 expression and neuronal damage in the gerbil hippocampus following 5 min of transient ischemia

Park JH, Lee TK, Kim DW, Park CW, Park YE, Kim B, Lee JC, Lee HA, Won MH, Ahn JH

Histone-binding protein RbAp48 has been known to be involved in histone acetylation, and epigenetic alterations of histone modifications are closely associated with the pathogenesis of ischemic reperfusion injury. In the...
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Downregulation of SIRT2 by Chronic Stress Reduces Expression of Synaptic Plasticity-related Genes through the Upregulation of Ehmt2

Wang SE, Ko SY, Jo S, Jo HR, Han J, Kim YS, Son H

Silent information regulator 2 (Sirtuin2 / SIRT2) is a NAD⁺-dependent deacetylase that regulates the cellular oxidative stress response. It modulates transcriptional silencing and protein stability through deacetylation of target proteins...
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HDAC Inhibition by Valproic Acid Induces Neuroprotection and Improvement of PD-like Behaviors in LRRK2 R1441G Transgenic Mice

Kim T, Song S, Park Y, Kang S, Seo H

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the late-onset neurodegenerative movement disorder. Major pathological markers of PD include progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons, Lewy body formation, genetic mutations, and environmental factors....
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Targeted Downregulation of kdm4a Ameliorates Tau-engendered Defects in Drosophila melanogaster

Park SY, Seo J, Chun YS

BACKGROUND: Tauopathies, a class of neurodegenerative diseases that includes Alzheimer's disease (AD), are characterized by the deposition of neurofibrillary tangles composed of hyperphosphorylated tau protein in the human brain. As...
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Genome Engineering for Osteoarthritis: From Designer Cells to Disease-Modifying Drugs

Choi YR, Collins KH, Lee JW, Kang HJ, Guilak F

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent degenerative joint disease involving joint cartilage and its surrounding tissues. OA is the leading cause of pain and disability worldwide. At present, there...
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Angiotensin II and TGF-β1 Induce Alterations in Human Amniotic Fluid-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Leading to Cardiomyogenic Differentiation Initiation

Gasiūnienė M, Petkus G, Matuzevičius D, Navakauskas D, Navakauskienė R

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Human amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AF-MSCs) may be a valuable source for cardiovascular tissue engineering and cell therapy. The aim of this study is to verify...
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4′-O-β-D-Glucosyl-5-O-Methylvisamminol Attenuates Pro-Inflammatory Responses and Protects against Oxidative Damages

Yoo OK, Keum YS

We attempted to examine anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects of 4′-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol (GOMV), the first epigenetic inhibitor of histone phosphorylation at Ser10. While GOMV did not affect the viability of murine macrophage...
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Free fatty acid-induced histone acetyltransferase activity accelerates lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells

Chung S, Hwang JT, Park JH, Choi HK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common metabolic disease triggered by epigenetic alterations, including lysine acetylation at histone or non-histone proteins, affecting the stability or transcription of lipogenic...
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Short-chain Fatty Acids Inhibit Staphylococcal Lipoprotein-induced Nitric Oxide Production in Murine Macrophages

Park JW, Kim HY, Kim MG, Jeong S, Yun CH, Han SH

Staphylococcus aureus, a Gram-positive pathogen, can cause severe inflammation in humans, leading to various life-threatening diseases. The lipoprotein is a major virulence factor in S. aureus-induced infectious diseases and is...
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Suppressor of Variegation 3–9 Homolog 2, a Novel Binding Protein of Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein, Regulates Cancer Cell Proliferation

Kim AR, Sung JY, Rho SB, Kim YN, Yoon K

Suppressor of Variegation 3–9 Homolog 2 (SUV39H2) methylates the lysine 9 residue of histone H3 and induces heterochromatin formation, resulting in transcriptional repression or silencing of target genes. SUV39H1 and...
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Isolation of MLL1 Inhibitory RNA Aptamers

Ul-Haq A, Jin ML, Jeong KW, Kim HM, Chun KH

Mixed lineage leukemia proteins (MLL) are the key histone lysine methyltransferases that regulate expression of diverse genes. Aberrant activation of MLL promotes leukemia as well as solid tumors in humans,...
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Selective inhibition of histone deacetylase 8 improves vascular hypertrophy, relaxation, and inflammation in angiotensin II hypertensive mice

Kee HJ, Ryu Y, Seok YM, Choi SY, Sun S, Kim GR, Jeong MH

BACKGROUND: The dysregulation of histone deacetylase (HDAC) protein expression or its enzyme activity is implicated in a variety of diseases. Cardiac HDAC6 and HDAC8 enzyme activity induced by deoxycorticosterone acetate...
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Dual mechanisms for the regulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor by valproic acid in neural progenitor cells

Ko HM, Jin Y, Park HH, Lee JH, Jung SH, Choi SY, Lee SH, Shin CY

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disorders that share behavioral features, the results of numerous studies have suggested that the underlying causes of ASDs are multifactorial. Behavioral and/or neurobiological analyses...
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Development of a Novel Nonradioisotopic Assay and Cdc25B Overexpression Cell Lines for Use in Screening for Cdc25B Inhibitors

Ha GS, Lee CM, Kim CW

PURPOSE: The cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1) and cyclin B complex performs important roles in the transition from the G2 to M phase in the cell cycle through removal of inhibitory...
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Links between Serine Biosynthesis Pathway and Epigenetics in Cancer Metabolism

Kim H, Park YJ

Cancer metabolism is considered as one of major cancer hallmarks. It is important to understand cancer-specific metabolic changes and its impact on cancer biology to identify therapeutic potentials. Among cancer-specific...
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Histone Deacetylase-3 Modification of MicroRNA-31 Promotes Cell Proliferation and Aerobic Glycolysis in Breast Cancer and Is Predictive of Poor Prognosis

Zhao Y, He J, Yang L, Luo Q, Liu Z

PURPOSE: The incidence and mortality of breast cancer is increasing worldwide. There is a constant quest to understand the underlying molecular biology of breast cancer so as to plan better...
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