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Comparison of 16S Ribosomal RNA Targeted Sequencing and Culture for Bacterial Identification in Normally Sterile Body Fluid Samples: Report of a 10-Year Clinical Laboratory Review

Yoo IY, Kang OK, Lee MK, Kim YJ, Cho SY, Huh K, Kang CI, Chung DR, Peck KR, Huh HJ, Lee NY

As 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)-targeted sequencing can detect DNA from non-viable bacteria, it can be used to identify pathogens from clinical samples even in patients pretreated with antibiotics. We compared...
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Assessment of bacterial contamination of toothbrushes using Illumina MiSeq

Lee SY, Lee SY

Toothbrushes are commonly used to remove dental plaque, and the presence of bacteria on toothbrushes has been previously reported. Toothbrushes are contaminated by many bacteria after brushing, and contaminated toothbrushes...
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Antimicrobial effect of toothbrush with light emitting diode on dental biofilm attached to zirconia surface: an in vitro study

Park JH, Kim YG, Um HS, Lee SY, Lee JK, Chang BS

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of a toothbrush with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on periodontitis-associated dental biofilm attached to a zirconia surface by static...
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Concomitant Liver and Brain Abscesses Caused by Parvimonas Micra

Kim EY, Baek YH, Jung DS, Woo KS

Anaerobic infections have been reported to be responsible for 3–10% of pyogenic liver abscesses in Korea, and reported anaerobes include Fusobacterium, Bacillus fragilis, and Bacteroides melaninogenicus. Parvimonas micra is an...
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Assessment of bacterial contamination of mobile phones of dentists and dental hygienists by Illumina MiSeq

Lee SY, Lee SY

In a clinical environment, medical staffs often use their mobile phones with their bare hands, thereby possibly exposing them to bacteria contamination. Cross-contamination could occur, where bacteria may be transferred...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Anaerobic Bacterial Clinical Isolates From 2014 to 2016, Including Recently Named or Renamed Species

Byun JH, Kim M, Lee Y, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Anaerobic bacterial resistance trends may vary across regions or institutions. Regional susceptibility patterns are pivotal in the empirical treatment of anaerobic infections. We determined the antimicrobial resistance patterns of...
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Relationship of Oral Bacterial Load Over One Year of Smoking Cessation

Kim S, Seo MS, Hwang SJ

BACKGROUND: Smoking exerts an adverse effect on the periodontal tissue by reorganizing the ecosystem of oral microorganisms and is considered to be an important factor in the development of periodontal...
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Analysis of Intestinal Mucosal Microbiome Changes before and after Chemoradiation in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer Patients

Seo I, Bae SU, Kim S, Jeong WK, Baek SK

PURPOSE: Dysbiosis of gut microbiota has been reported to participate in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer, but changes in microbiota due to radiotherapy have not been studied. In this study,...
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Prognostic Impact of Fusobacterium nucleatum Depends on Combined Tumor Location and Microsatellite Instability Status in Stage II/III Colorectal Cancers Treated with Adjuvant Chemotherapy

Oh HJ, Kim JH, Bae JM, Kim HJ, Cho NY, Kang GH

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic impact of intratumoral Fusobacterium nucleatum in colorectal cancer (CRC) treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: F. nucleatum DNA was quantitatively measured in a total...
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Real-time PCR quantification of 9 periodontal pathogens in saliva samples from periodontally healthy Korean young adults

Choi H, Kim E, Kang J, Kim HJ, Lee JY, Choi J, Joo JY

PURPOSE: Few studies have examined periodontal pathogens from saliva samples in periodontally healthy young adults. The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of periodontopathic bacteria and to...
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Impact of microbiota in colorectal carcinogenesis: lessons from experimental models

Yu LC, Wei SC, Ni YH

A role of gut microbiota in colorectal cancer (CRC) growth was first suggested in germ-free rats almost 50 years ago, and the existence of disease-associated bacteria (termed pathobionts) had becoming...
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Intestinal microbiota, chronic inflammation, and colorectal cancer

Park CH, Eun CS, Han DS

In addition to genetic and epigenetic factors, various environmental factors, including diet, play important roles in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). Recently, there is increasing interest in the intestinal...
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An atypical case of Lemierre syndrome following oropharyngeal infection

Yang SY, Park HY, Lee KH, Chun YJ, Kim HE, Kim SH, Jeong SJ

Lemierre syndrome is characterized by anaerobic bacterial infection in the head and neck and clinical or radiological evidence of internal jugular vein thrombophlebitis. The most common pathogens are Fusobacterium species,...
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An in vitro model of Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis in single- and dual-species biofilms

Tavares LJ, Klein MI, Panariello BHD, Dorigatti de Avila E, Pavarina A

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to develop and validate a standardized in vitro pathogenic biofilm attached onto saliva-coated surfaces. METHODS: Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) and Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis)...
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An Advanced Understanding of Uterine Microbial Ecology Associated with Metritis in Dairy Cows

Jeon SJ, Galvão KN

Metritis, the inflammation of the uterus caused by polymicrobial infections, is a prevalent and costly disease to the dairy industry as it decreases milk yield, survival, and the welfare of...
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Effect of Various Agents on Oral Bacterial Phagocytosis in THP-1 Cells

Song Y, Lee HA, Na HS, Chung J

Phagocytosis is a fundamental process in which phagocytes capture and ingest foreign particles including pathogenic bacteria. Several oral pathogens have anti-phagocytic strategies, which allow them to escape from and survive...
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Effect of Natural Extracts on Oral Care Probiotics Weissella cibaria CMU and Periodontal Pathogens

Yeu JE, Kim HJ, Kang MS

The purpose of this study is to determine if natural extracts could be used as an additive in oral health food made with Weissella cibaria CMU (oraCMU). Natural extracts of...
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Differences Regarding the Molecular Features and Gut Microbiota Between Right and Left Colon Cancer

Kim K, Castro EJ, Shim H, Advincula , Kim YW

For many years, developmental and physiological differences have been known to exist between anatomic segments of the colorectum. Because of different outcomes, prognoses, and clinical responses to chemotherapy, the distinction...
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Comparison of periodontitis-associated oral biofilm formation under dynamic and static conditions

Song WS, Lee JK, Park SH, Um HS, Lee SY, Chang BS

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of single- and dual-species in vitro oral biofilms made by static and dynamic methods. METHODS: Hydroxyapatite (HA) disks, 12.7 mm...
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Comparisons of Gut Microbiota Among Healthy Control, Patients With Conventional Adenoma, Sessile Serrated Adenoma, and Colorectal Cancer

Yoon H, Kim N, Park JH, Kim YS, Lee J, Kim HW, Choi YJ, Shin CM, Park YS, Lee DH, Jung HC

BACKGROUND: Studies on gut microbiota regarding colorectal carcinogenesis, including sessile serrated adenoma (SSA), have been scarce. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of mucosa-associated gut microbiota...
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