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Epigenetic Regulation of Filaggrin Gene Expression in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes

Lee J, Jang A, Seo SJ, Myung SC

BACKGROUND: Loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG), which encodes an epidermal protein crucial for the formation of a functional skin barrier, have been identified as a major predisposing factor...
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Chinese Society of Allergy and Chinese Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Guideline for Chronic Rhinosinusitis

Liu Z, Chen J, Cheng L, Li H, Liu S, Lou H, Shi J, Sun Y, Wang D, Wang C, Wang X, Wei Y, Wen W, Yang P, Yang Q, Zhang G, Zhang Y, Zhao C, Zhu D, Zhu L, Chen F, Dong Y, Fu Q, Li J, Li Y, Liu C, Liu F, Lu M, Meng Y, Sha J, She W, Shi L, Wang K, Xue J, Yang L, Yin M, Zhang L, Zheng M, Zhou B, Zhang L

The current document is based on a consensus reached by a panel of experts from the Chinese Society of Allergy and the Chinese Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rhinology...
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Advances in urinary biomarker discovery in urological research

Kim J, Kim WT, Kim WJ

A disease-specific biomarker (or biomarkers) is a characteristic reflecting a pathological condition in human body, which can be used as a diagnostic or prognostic tool for the clinical management. A...
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Epigenetic Changes in Asthma: Role of DNA CpG Methylation

Bae DJ, Jun JA, Chang HS, Park JS, Park CS

For the past three decades, more than a thousand of genetic studies have been performed to find out the genetic variants responsible for the risk of asthma. Until now, all...
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Circulating MicroRNAs and T-Cell Cytokine Expression Are Associated With the Characteristics of Asthma Exacerbation

Wardzyńska A, Pawełczyk M, Rywaniak J, Kurowski M, Makowska J, Kowalski M

PURPOSE: Immunological mechanisms underlying asthma exacerbation have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of various asthma exacerbation traits with selected serum microRNA (miRNA)...
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The interaction between gut microbiome and nutrients on development of human disease through epigenetic mechanisms

Lee HS

Early environmental exposure is recognized as a key factor for long-term health based on the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease hypothesis. It considers that early-life nutrition is now being...
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Epigenetics and Depression: An Update

Lin E, Tsai SJ

OBJECTIVE: Depression is associated with various environmental risk factors such as stress, childhood maltreatment experiences, and stressful life events. Current approaches to assess the pathophysiology of depression, such as epigenetics...
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RbAp48 expression and neuronal damage in the gerbil hippocampus following 5 min of transient ischemia

Park JH, Lee TK, Kim DW, Park CW, Park YE, Kim B, Lee JC, Lee HA, Won MH, Ahn JH

Histone-binding protein RbAp48 has been known to be involved in histone acetylation, and epigenetic alterations of histone modifications are closely associated with the pathogenesis of ischemic reperfusion injury. In the...
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HDAC Inhibition by Valproic Acid Induces Neuroprotection and Improvement of PD-like Behaviors in LRRK2 R1441G Transgenic Mice

Kim T, Song S, Park Y, Kang S, Seo H

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the late-onset neurodegenerative movement disorder. Major pathological markers of PD include progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons, Lewy body formation, genetic mutations, and environmental factors....
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Genome Engineering for Osteoarthritis: From Designer Cells to Disease-Modifying Drugs

Choi YR, Collins KH, Lee JW, Kang HJ, Guilak F

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent degenerative joint disease involving joint cartilage and its surrounding tissues. OA is the leading cause of pain and disability worldwide. At present, there...
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Angiotensin II and TGF-β1 Induce Alterations in Human Amniotic Fluid-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Leading to Cardiomyogenic Differentiation Initiation

Gasiūnienė M, Petkus G, Matuzevičius D, Navakauskas D, Navakauskienė R

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Human amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AF-MSCs) may be a valuable source for cardiovascular tissue engineering and cell therapy. The aim of this study is to verify...
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PM(2.5) and pediatric asthma

Hwang YH, Kim SW

Air pollution does harm to the respiratory tracts. Fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) attacks the lung directly passing through mucosal ciliary clearance, causes new-onset asthma, or exacerbates asthma symptoms in children....
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4′-O-β-D-Glucosyl-5-O-Methylvisamminol Attenuates Pro-Inflammatory Responses and Protects against Oxidative Damages

Yoo OK, Keum YS

We attempted to examine anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects of 4′-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol (GOMV), the first epigenetic inhibitor of histone phosphorylation at Ser10. While GOMV did not affect the viability of murine macrophage...
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The Effect of Breastfeeding on Prevention of Maternal Hypertension: Systematic Review

Jeon H, Joo SH, Choi A, Han JY, Jeong ES, Shin HJ, Kim JY

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to clarify the relevance of breastfeeding and its preventive effect on maternal hypertension as well as to evaluate the theoretical mechanism behind of...
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Role of DNA Methylation in the Development and Differentiation of Intestinal Epithelial Cells and Smooth Muscle Cells

Jorgensen , Ro S

  • KMID: 2454636
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Jul;25(3):377-386.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm19077
The mammalian intestine contains many different cell types but is comprised of 2 main cell types: epithelial cells and smooth muscle cells. Recent in vivo and in vitro evidence has...
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House Dust Mite Allergy Under Changing Environments

Acevedo N, Zakzuk J, Caraballo

Environmental variations induced by industrialization and climate change partially explain the increase in prevalence and severity of allergic disease. One possible mechanism is the increase in allergen production leading to...
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Free fatty acid-induced histone acetyltransferase activity accelerates lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells

Chung S, Hwang JT, Park JH, Choi HK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common metabolic disease triggered by epigenetic alterations, including lysine acetylation at histone or non-histone proteins, affecting the stability or transcription of lipogenic...
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Perinatal Outcomes of In Vitro Fertilization Versus Natural Pregnancy in Very Low Birth Weight Infants

Baek KS, Han S, Kim OH, Heo JS, Jeon J

OBJECTIVE: In vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy is increasing. The recent reviews have reported the perinatal outcomes of IVF were preterm birth, low birth weight, small for gestational age, congenital malformations,...
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Early-life exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals and pubertal development in girls

Lee JE, Jung HW, Lee YJ, Lee YA

Over the last decades, the onset of puberty in girls has occurred earlier, but the tempo of pubertal progression has been relatively slower, resulting in a younger age at puberty...
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Role of Putative Epigenetic Mechanisms in the Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma Effects in “Comfort Women” Survivor Offspring

Park SC

No abstract available.
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