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Bioactive Compound Produced by Endophytic Fungi Isolated From Pelargonium sidoides Against Selected Bacteria of Clinical Importance

Manganyi M, Tchatchouang CDK, Regnier T, Bezuidenhout CC, Ateba CN

Endophytic fungi have the ability to live inside the host plant tissues without causing neither symptoms of diseases/or harm. Opportunistic infections are accountable for majority of the outbreaks, thereby putting...
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Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacterial Isolates Recovered from Nursing Hospitals between 2014 and 2017

Yun SH, Gwon B, Hong HL, Lim HS, Lee KR, Jang I, Yoon EJ, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an issue not only with regard to public health, but also in terms of economic impact. AMR surveillance has mainly been carried out in general...
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Current Status and Survival Impact of Infectious Disease Consultation for Multidrug-Resistant Bacteremia in Ventilated Patients: A Single-Center Experience in Korea

Kim I, Kim WY, Jeoung ES, Lee K

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the current status and survival impact of infectious disease consultation (IDC) in ventilated patients with multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteremia. METHODS: One hundred sixty-one consecutive patients from a single tertiary...
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Comparison of Enterococcus faecium Bacteremic Isolates from Hematologic and Non-hematologic Patients: Differences in Antimicrobial Resistance and Molecular Characteristics

Cho SY, Park YJ, Cho H, Park DJ, Yu JK, Oak HC, Lee DG

BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecium, especially vancomycin-resistant E. faecium (VREfm), is a major concern for patients with hematologic diseases. Exposure to antibiotics including fluoroquinolone, which is used as a routine prophylaxis for...
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Gliotoxin is Antibacterial to Drug-resistant Piscine Pathogens

Feng H, Liu S, Su M, Kim EL, Hong J, Jung JH

By activity-guided fractionation, gliotoxin was isolated as an antibacterial metabolite of the fungus Penicillium decumbens which was derived from the jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai. Gliotoxin was further evaluated for antibacterial activity...
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Inhibitory Effect of Metal Surface on the Antimicrobial Resistance Microorganism

Kim JB, Kim JK, Kim H, Cho EJ, Park YJ, Lee HK

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate the bactericidal effects of copper, brass (copper 78%, tin 22%), and stainless steel against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus...
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Comparison of Multilocus Sequence Typing Change Patterns of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecium from 2015 to 2017

Kim J, Kwon YI, Lee WG

BACKGROUND: Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) is useful in determining the long-term evolutionary process and minimizes differences in experimental results across individuals and laboratories. It is also useful in determining evolutionary...
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Trends in Microorganisms Isolated from Blood Cultures at a Veterans Hospital from 2012 to 2015

Ji M, Choi YM, Bae E, Kim CK

Blood culture is important to detecting bacteremia and fungemia in patients with suspected sepsis. We observed a four-year trend of blood culture isolates in the frequency by age group and...
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Antibiotic resistance patterns and genetic relatedness of Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium isolated from military working dogs in Korea

Bang K, An JU, Kim W, Dong HJ, Kim J, Cho S

Enterococcus spp. are normally present in the gastrointestinal tracts of animals and humans, but can cause opportunistic infections that can be transmitted to other animals or humans with integrated antibiotic...
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Increasing Resistance to Extended-Spectrum Cephalosporins, Fluoroquinolone, and Carbapenem in Gram-Negative Bacilli and the Emergence of Carbapenem Non-Susceptibility in Klebsiella pneumoniae: Analysis of Korean Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (KARMS) Data From 2013 to 2015

Kim D, Ahn JY, Lee CH, Jang SJ, Lee H, Yong D, Jeong SH, Lee K

BACKGROUND: National surveillance of antimicrobial resistance becomes more important for the control of antimicrobial resistance and determination of treatment guidelines. We analyzed Korean Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (KARMS) data collected...
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Distributions of Listeria spp., Bacillus spp., Enterococcus spp., Staphylococcus spp., and Coliforms Isolated from Agricultural Herb Products from the Market

Ham H

The study was conducted to investigate the distribution of pathogenic bacteria related to agricultural herb products that are sold on the market in South Korea. A survey was conducted on...
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Trend of Bacteria and Fungi Isolated from Cerebrospinal Fluid Culture in a Tertiary Care Hospital During Recent Two Decades (1997-2016)

Lee SG, Kim M, Hwang GY, Yoo G, Uh Y

BACKGROUND: Meningitis is a clinically important disease because of its high mortality and morbidity. The epidemiology of this disease has changed remarkably due to the introduction of pneumococcal vaccines and...
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Comparison of a New Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry Platform, ASTA MicroIDSys, With Bruker Biotyper for Species Identification

Lee Y, Sung JY, Kim H, Yong D, Lee K

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, with its accuracy and speed, is widely used for bacterial identification. The ASTA MicroIDSys system (ASTA, Korea) was recently developed for species identification. We...
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Correlation between Infective Factors and Antibiotic Resistance in Enterococci Clinical Isolates in West of Iran

Arabestani MR, Nasaj M, Mousavi SM

The present study was done to scrutinize the possible relation between infective genes and antimicrobial resistance in Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium. Considering the fact that the presence of recognized...
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First Case Report of Human Infection With Ochrobactrum tritici Causing Bacteremia and Cholecystitis

Hong DJ, Kim KH, Kim JO, Hong JS, Jeong SH, Lee K

No abstract available.
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Comparison of Three Chromogenic Media for Recovery of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci from Rectal Swab Samples

Jo I, Song CE, Park KG, Park YJ

BACKGROUND: Three chromogenic media using direct inoculation were compared with enriched enterococcosel broth for vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium and/or Enterococcus faecalis (VRE) surveillance. METHODS: A total of 174 rectal swabs were included...
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Epidemiology and Molecular Characterization of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecalis

Kim J, Choi KH, Kim YS, Lee WG

BACKGROUND: Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) infections are caused by Enterococcus faecium in about 90% of the cases but can also be caused by Enterococcus faecalis. Thus, this study investigates factors that...
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Selection and immunomodulatory evaluation of lactic acid bacteria suitable for use as canine probiotics

Park SM, Park HE, Lee WK

This study was conducted to isolate lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from dog intestine and identify potential probiotic strains for canine use. One hundred and one LAB were isolated from feces...
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A Case of Polymicrobial Fungal and Bacterial Spondylodiscitis

Cho MO, Song YG, Lee SH, Jo SH, Choi AR, Eun NL, Jin SJ

A 66-year-old female who had undergone surgery for a herniated disc at the L5-S1 level at another hospital 3 months earlier was admitted with persistent back and leg pain. She...
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Comparison of Antibiotic Resistance Rate of Medically Important Microorganisms between Japan and Korea

Shibayama , Lee H, Kim S

BACKGROUND: A surveillance system for antibiotic resistance is well organized in both Japan and Korea; however, a comparative analysis by microorganism has not previously been conducted. METHODS: We compared the latest...
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